ZZP Jaarboek 2014/2015

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    UUQ Ennrhblc

    81>=/81>=

    KZHI5

    ;76-;1-688:?8-1-1

    Fbbomspbisbrs5KIG, @KIK, _kjtbr @uimk, VVK`b li Ukggb

    Zpbisbrs, lmknpnrtilrs li `lml-kiktkntkloil`lrs5HIX Ikluwsrnmkb, Lxnjt, OnstOdlx, OrlldnijlOnjtbrkig, Gdulm, KIG, Kitlrpbdks, @ningl-

    `lithblc.id, @nipbwlrGrbup Zbdutkbis, @kjfnld Qngl, @KIK, Ztnig @Z, _kjtbr @uimk,

    VVK`b li Ukggb.

    Fni ml Grbbt (OZ Grblp), Fugb-Eni Xuts (UkQjbib`y), Elrbli Zncclrs (_kjtbr @uimk), Eb-

    fni @nrrkic (UUQ Ilmlrdnim), Ebrks Dnimcrbbi (]rkhl Wlh`nrcltkig), Ebsel Mn`s`n (EB

    Jnmlnu), @nrtkei Qliilcn`p (Kcwbrmzzplr.id), @nsjfn Znitlgblts (@NZEB Zbjknd @lmkn

    Zlrvkjls), Iklds Fuks`nis (OnstOdlx ^undkty Zburjkig), Iklds vni Hlrcld (Qdnilt Kitlrk`),

    Qlrry vni Hllc (DkiclmKitbXlsudts), Qklrrl Zpnikics (]QB @ngnzkil), Xbh ml Dnnt (Ztnig

    @Z) li Zlitkik Gruihlrg (Ki@bvl`lit).

    Jbpyrkgfts 81>=, _kjtbr@uimk H._.

    Nddl rljftli vbbrhlfbumli. Iklts ukt mlzl bpgnvl `ng wbrmli vlrvlldvbumkgm, bpgl-

    sdngli ki lli glnutb`ntksllrm glglvlishlstnim, bo bplihnnr gl`nnct, ki likgl vbr` bo

    bp likgl wkezl, fltzke ldlctrbiksjf, `ljfniksjf, mbbr obtbcbpkli, bpin`li, bo bp likgl

    nimlrl `niklr, zbimlr vbbrnognniml tblstl``kig vni ml uktglvlr.

    Ml kifbum vni mkt hblc ks `lt zbrg sn`liglstldm. Mlsbimnics cni ml uktglvlr ikltnnisprncldkec wbrmli glstldm vbbr lvlituldl obutli, ibjf cuiili nni ml kifbum rljftli

    wbrmli bitdllim. Ml olktli li jkeolrs mkl ki flt hblc wbrmli glibl`m, cb`li vbbrt ukt

    bimlrzblcsrlsudtntli vni ml UUQ Hnrb`ltlr bvlr ml enrli 81>: li 81>=.

    JbdbobiUUQ Ennrhblc 81>=/81>

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    Jbdbobi :

    Kifbumsbpgnvl =

    _bbrwbbrm 6

    \ktdlg vlrcklzkig >>

    Ztnrtli >?

    Uzp-kitlrvklw >6

    Olrry vni Wkdglihurg - Hbuwcltlis.id

    Lxplrtnrtkcld 88

    @nrtkei Qliilcn`p - Kcwbrmzzplr.id

    Iltwlrcli & sbjknd `lmkn 8

    Xkjfnrm Hbrmls - Ukggb

    Bpmrnjftli & tnrklvli :16

    Cntkicn Ebigckim - KIG

    Uzp-kitlrvklw >>:

    Xli Mldskic - Xkic Qliskbli

    Flt Ikluwl Wlrcli

    >>7

    Olktli li jkeolrs >>6

    Uzp-kitlrvklw

    >81Dnrs Zrlisli

    Lxplrtnrtkcld >8:

    Qntrkjc Huiikc - VVK`b

    ]bp->11 Bimlril`lrs >8>6

    Qbrtrlttli vni hlstl bimlril`lrs >81

    ]bp->11 Bpmrnjftglvlrs >?:

    Olktli li jkeolrs >>6

    Qbrtrlttli vni hlstl bpmrnjftglvlrs >81

    Inwbbrm 8>?

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    Insdngwlrc 8>6

    Kimlx5 ]bp->11 Bimlril`lrs - > tbt >11 8>6

    Kimlx5 ]bp->11 Bimlril`lrs - N tbt U 881

    Kimlx5 ]bp->11 Bpmrnjftglvlrs - > tbt >11 888

    Kimlx5 ]bp->11 Bpmrnjftglvlrs - N tbt U 88=

    Nmvlrtlitklhkedngl 88?

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    _ni ml 611.111 zzplrs ks :1 tbt =. Lli cdnp ki flt glzkjft, in ml

    uktlrst pbsktklo vlrdbpli nvbim mnnrvbbr5 bp mkismng 6 nprkd wns

    @lmknQdnzn tl \trljft flt mljbr vbbr ml uktrlkckig vni ml llrstl

    Orlldnijlr bo tfl [lnr Nwnrms (OB][), wnnrki ml hlstl orlldnijlrs,

    zzplrs li bpmrnjftglvlrs ki flt zbiiltel wlrmli glzlt. Lli kik-

    tkntklo lt nds mbld ml zzplr llis (lxtrn) pbsktklo bp ml cnnrt tl zlt-

    tli li flt hldnig vni ml prbeljt-glhnsllrml wlrclr orlldnijlr,

    (z)zplr bo kitlrk` prbolsskbind tl hlinmruccli. Ml =6,=% vni ml zzplrs ukt ibbmznnc hlgbiili ks

    dlt bp5 mnt hltlclit iklt mnt zke bivrkewkddkg zldostnimkg bimlril`lr

    zkei, mnt plrjlitngl dkgt fbbgstwnnrsjfkeidkec dnglr. Hbvlimkli hdkect

    ukt jkeolrs vni flt Jlitrnnd Hurlnu vbbr ml Ztntkstklc (JHZ) mnt lr hl-gki 81>: nd `llr mni 611.111 zzplrs njtklo zkei bp ml Ilmlrdnimsl

    nrhlkms`nrct. Mnt nnitnd ks `lt >11.111 tbt >=1.111 glstlgli, gl-

    zkli flt nnitnd ikluwl stnrtlrs mnt ml Cn`lr vni Cbbpfnimld (CvC)

    hlgki 81>= rnppbrtllrml. Mnnr`ll cb`t flt tbtnnd nnitnd zzplrs bp

    ;11.111 tbt ;=1.111. Hlkml nnitnddli dkggli vlr huktli ml bigloui-

    mllrm ilgntklvl jkeolrs mkl glibl`m wbrmli mbbr ml _bdcscrnit,

    `nnr fldnns hlfllrst flt nrtkcld ml flnmdkils ml mngli lrin.

    Ml dls mkl kc fklrukt trlc5 wl `bltli zbrgli mnt wl ibg llr pbsktklo

    gldukm `ncli rbimb` ml zzplrs, lr ks ibg lli dnigl wlg tl gnnivbbrmnt flt ndgl`lil hlldm bvlr ml zzplr li orlldnijlr fllrst, pb-

    sktklo ks.

    Elrbli Zncclrs

    Bprkjftlr

    _kjtbr @uimk

    @llr hlzblclrs, `llr

    cdnitli li `llr bpmrnjftli

    _bbrwbbrm

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    Ztllms `llr zzplrs bp ml nrhlkms`nrct

    Flt nnitnd zzplrs znd nddlli `nnr stkegli ml cb`liml enrli, bbc iu ml jrksls vbbrhke zkei5

    brgniksntkls zkei bp zblc innr `llr lxkhkdktlkt (6%) bo `llr lxkhkdktlkt (1 bp

    ml pdnic, mbbr ml grblk li bitwkccldkig vni _kjtbr @uimk, flt `blmlrhlmrkeo li brgn-

    iksntbr vni ml OB][ Nwnrms, zbrgt lrvbbr mnt wl pns nogldbpli zb`lr eudk 81>: `lt

    flt pdni nni ml sdng gkigli5 flt kmll ks b` ki bctbhlr nd dkvl tl gnni `lt ml jb`pltktkl

    vbbr orlldnijlrs li zzplrs, wnnrhke zl zkjfzldo vkn ml wlhsktl cuiili nni`ldmli bo lli

    jbddlgn-bimlril`lr cuiili ib`kilrli li lli prkezlipncclt tlr wnnrml vni `kiuut. Ml wlmstrkem ks lli pbmku` vbbr

    zzplrs, wnnr`ll zl zkjf cuiili prbdlrli li bp lli pbsktklvl `niklr bimlr ml nni-

    mnjft cb`li hke (pbtlitkdl bo bum-)bpmrnjftglvlrs. Flt ks lli `niklr b` ebuw kifbum

    li cwndktlkt nds zzplr tl dntli zkli nni ml huktliwlrldm.

    Lli pbmku` vbbr bpmrnjftglvlrs

    Flt twllml bimlrmlld vni ml jb`pltktkl hlstnnt ukt lli vlrcklzkig vni ml hlstl bpmrnjft-

    glvlrs vni Ilmlrdnim5 brgniksntkl mkl zzplrs kifurli li mkl vbbrbpdbpli hke ml twnndojrktlrkn vni gblm bpmrnjftglvlrsjfnp, zbnds bimlrzbjft mbbr ml UUQ Hnrb`ltlr. Gblm

    bpmrnjftglvlrsjfnp hrligt nimlrl jrktlrkn `lt zkjf `ll mni gblm wlrcglvlrsjfnp,

    li vlrmklit `kistlis zbvlld nnimnjft li lli strujturldl, prbolsskbildl nnipnc vni br-

    gniksntkls mkl prbeljt-glhnsllrm wlrcli. Ml grbtl vrnng ks wldcl brgniksntkls flt gblm

    mbli bp mkt puit5 ml usund suspljts, zbnds CD@, bo brgniksntkl wnnrnni el iklt mkrljt zbu

    mlicli. Flt dnntstl ks flt glvnd5 Lvktn Ubrg, lli tfukszbrgbrgniksntkl mkl vlld `lt zzplrs

    wlrct li lli mukmldkecl FX-strntlgkl fllot bitwkccldm bp mkt puit. Wkd el nds brgniksntkl

    ki ml cb`liml enrli rldlvnit hdkevli rkjftkig orlldnijlrs li zzplrs ml udtrnspljkndks-

    tli mni znd el bbc lli strntlgksjf FX-hldlkm `bltli vblrli bp mkt puit, li ml jrktlrkn

    vni gblm bpmrnjftglvlrsjfnp nds crktklcl prlstntkl-kimkjntbrli (CQKs) `bltli bpil`li.

    Mnt ill`t iklt wlg mnt lr lli kic nnitnd mrl`plds wns ki ml nnidbbp innr ml llrstl

    OB][ Nwnrms5 flt vkimli vni (`lml-)kiktkntkloil`lrs b` flt kiktkntklo `lt fui cliiks

    li lxplrtksl tl bimlrstluili rkjftkig fui iltwlrc, flt vkimli vni spbisbrs mkl flt kik-

    tkntklo inijklrli, flt jrlrli vni ml wlhsktl li uktlkimldkec flt litfbuskns`lrli vni

    zbwld zzplrs nds bpmrnjftglvlrs b` mlld tl il`li. Mnt dnntstl wns `kssjfkli ibg wld

    flt grbbtstl bhstncld5 mnnrb` lli grbbt jb`pdk`lit nni glvlstkgml pnrtkeli nds NZ@D,

    Jrbbi Ldlctrbtljfiklc, Gl`llitl N`stlrmn`, IZ li _bpnc vbbr fui muro b` ki flt

    llrstl ennr mlld tl il`li nni bizl vlrcklzkig. Lli nnitnd brgniksntkls cbbs lrvbbr iklt

    nni ml llrstl lmktkl mlld tl il`li. Wke flhhli lr nddl vlrtrbuwli ki mnt wke fli nnicb-`lim ennr wld `bgli vlrwldcb`li, li zkei hlikluwm bo zke zkjf cuiili `ltli nni

    ml ikluwl stntus qub mkl wbrmt glvbr`m mbbr jntlgbrklwkiinnrs NLGBI (Okinijklld),

    Mb`kei (Hbuw li kistnddntkl), Lvktn Ubrg (Ubrg li lkimwkiinnr), Lylwbrcs (@lmkn), Gl-

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    `llitl N`lrsobbrt (Bvlrflkm), CQI Jbisudtkig (Jbisudtkig), QbstID Kitlrk` (Dbgkstklc)

    li Ztlmki Ilthlfllr li @llthlmrkeo (Lilrgkl).

    Flt lkimrlsudtnnt

    Mniczke bis uktlrst litfbusknstl tln` Ck`, @nx, @bikqul, Qnudn, Qltlr, Xlis li Xbhhkl,

    bitzlttlim hlmnict! ks flt glduct b` :>1 mlldil`liml brgniksntkls vbbr ml Bpmrnjft-glvlr vni flt Ennr-vlrcklzkig tl vkimli5 sn`li gblm vbbr >81.111+ O]L lxtlril kifuur

    li mbbr llr mni 6.711 zzplrs hlbbrmlldm bp ml twnndo jrktlrkn vni gblm bpmrnjftglvlr-

    sjfnp. Hbvlimkli flhhli `llr mni 6= `lt ml `llstl stl``li, ml hlstl hlbbrmldkigli li flt hlstl eurybbrmlld

    vbbr zkei pktjf vni prljkls i `kiuut. Hnrt, gloldkjktllrm!

    _bbr el dkgt flt UUQ Ennrhblc5 lli insdngwlrc li fnimhblc mnt lrvbbr `blt zbrgli mnt

    eke nds orlldnijlr bo zzplr ibg sujjlsvbddlr wbrmt, li mnt vnino iu ennrdkecs znd vlrsjfkeili.

    \ktlrnnrm vkim el ml uktsdng vni ml OB][ Nwnrms li ml Bpmrnjftglvlr vni flt Ennr-vlr-

    cklzkig tlrug5 ml vlrfndli vni ml wkiinnrs dntli el zkli fbl el sujjlsvbd(dlr) wbrmt, li ml

    kiobr`ntkl plr bpmrnjftglvlr vbr`t ml udtkl`l dkest `lt pbtlitkdl, tblcb`stkgl cdnitli.

    Mnnrinnst flhhli wke lli tklitnd bimlrwlrpli glcbzli mkl hldnigrkec zkei vbbr flt suj-

    jls vni ebuw hlmrkeo5 stnrtli, iltwlrcli li sbjknd `lmkn, bpmrnjftli li tnrklvli, plr-

    sbind hrnimkig, bpdlkmkig li bitwkccldkig, tk`l `ningl`lit, vlrzlclrkigli, nm`kiks-

    trntkl, pliskbli li Flt Ikluwl Wlrcli. Hke klmlr bimlrwlrp dntli wke lli lxplrt nni flt

    wbbrm, vrngli wke lli sujjlsvbddl zzplr fbl fke mkt fllot glrlgldm, vrngli wke lli bp-

    mrnjftglvlr mkl zkjf bp mkt puit bimlrsjflkmt li flhhli wke olktli li jkeolrs tblglvblgm

    ukt flt bimlrzblc mnt wke `nnimldkecs mbli `lt ml UUQ Hnrb`ltlr. Uzp-lxplrts Ebfni

    @nrrkic, @nrtkei Qliilcn`p li Qlrry vni Hllc cb`li bimlr `llr nni flt wbbrm. Njf-

    tlrki flt UUQ Ennrhblc vkim el lli