Notes OrCAD Greek

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Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 1 uao 46 Znurmor vpnon tou ovrootko npovpuuoto OrCAD Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 2 uao 46 1. Eoovmvn To OrCAD uaotcci cvu ouvoo cpvuciev tnc ctuipciuc Cadence viu tn oiu,cipion ncktpovikev kukeutev. Oi ouvutotntcc tou civui n o,coiuon ncktpovikev kukeutev, n apooooieon touc kui n oiutucn aukctev tuaecvev kukeutev (PCBs). Akou uaootnpi.ctui n o,coiuon kui apooooieon unoiukev kukeutev c tn ,pnon o,nutikev oiuvpuutev n iuc veoouc acpivpuonc uikou. Lc uutcc tic oncieocic vivctui aupouoiuon tou o,coiuoou cvoc ncktpovikou kukeutoc kui tnc uacikovionc tou ouv tuaecvo kukeu oc aukctu. Acv vivctui ,pnon tou cpvuciou tnc apooooieonc outc kui n o,coiuon unoiukou ovikou kukeutoc. H aupouoiuon vivctui c cvu aupuocivu aou ,pnoioaoici cvu uao kui ikpo kukeu ikuvo oec vu ocicci tic uoikcc citoupvicc tou o,coiuotikou apovpuutoc ku0ec kui tn ouvoikn uvtinun o,ctiku c tn o,coiuon tuaecvev kukeutev. Mc tn on0ciu uutev tev oncieocev aopci kuvcic vu o,coiuoci cvu tuaecvo kukeu, ,epic oec vu oci to ouvoo tev ouvutotntev tou OrCAD. Iiu vu aopcoci vu ,pnoioaoinoci occ tic ouvutotntcc tou OrCAD kuaoioc, apcaci vu ,pnoioaoici aupunu tnv on0ciu aou aupc,ci to apovpuu oaec kui oncieocic aou uaup,ouv oto internet. To aupuocivu aou 0u uvuatu,0ci otnpi.ctui otov ikpoccvktn PIC aou uoaoici cvu ctpntn ccv,ocvo uao kuaoio ,pnotn. H o,coiuon uaotccitui uao cvu ikpoccvktn tnc ocipuc 16F628, ouo cvociktcc 7 tocev (7-segment displays), 3 push buttons, kui 2 tpuv.iotop viu tnv oonvnon tev displays. Lto aupukute o,nu ouivctui n vcvikn ouvocoooviu tou ouotnutoc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 3 uao 46 PIC 16Fxx l,no 1 Aao to ouvoo tev cpvuciev aou aupc,ci to OrCAD, 0u ,pnoioaoin0ouv ovo ouo. To apeto, ovou.ctui Capture kui ,pnoioaoicitui viu tn o,nutikn uvuaupuotuon cvoc kukeutoc kui to ocutcpo aou ovou.ctui Layout kui ,pnoioaoicitui viu tn oiutucn tev apuvutikev uikev tnc aukctuc auve oc uutn ku0ec kui viu tn ,upucn tev uvevev aou cvevouv tu uiku ctucu touc. Kutu tn oiupkciu tnc o,coiuonc cvoc tuaecvou kukeutoc civui ai0uvo vu ctuci kuvcic uao to cvu cpvucio oto uo. Kuo civui vu oe.ci ou,vu o o,coiuotnc tn oouciu tou viu vu nv ,uvci uuto aou o,coiu.ci. H o,coiuon iuc aukctuc ukoou0ci kuaoiu oviku nutu aou to ku0c cvu uao uutu ,pnoioaoici cvu uao tu cpvuciu. Icviku n o,coiuon otnpi.ctui otnv ccnc ovikn. Anioupvcitui to ncktpoviko kukeu c to cpvucio Capture. To kukeu o,coiu.ctui viu vu ouvkcvtpe0ci uao to apovpuu on n anpooopiu viu tn ouvocoooviu ctucu tev ccuptnutev. Mctuoopu tnc anpooopiuc tnc ouvocoooviuc oto cpvucio Layout coe tou up,ciou Netlist (c,ci kutuncn .mnl). Eacccpvuoiu tou kukeutoc c to cpvucio Layout c okoao tnv uaotuaeon tou auve oc iu aukctu tuaecvev kukeutev. H cacccpvuoiu acpiuuvci tnv opio0ctnon tev oiuotuocev tnc aukctuc kui Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 4 uao 46 tnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev otic kutuncc 0cocic. Kutuncc 0cocic civui uutcc aou nopc/ovv cv/cpcto oxn o/coon kot xnpov ootkoc kovvcc viu tnv uaootuon ctucu tev ccuptnutev, tnv uaootuon ctucu tev uvevev kui to nkoc tev uvevev aou ctuocpouv onutu uunev ou,votntev. Mctu tnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev vivctui n o,coiuon tev uvevev uao ccuptnu oc ccuptnu oaec ku0oonvci n ouvocoooviu aou oo0nkc oto ncktpoviko o,coio. Ouoiuotiku n o,coiuon tnc aukctuc uauitci tn onioupviu ouo o,coiev viu to ioio kukeu. To apeto o,coio aou ovou.ctui o/nuoxtk cacpic,ci tnv anpooopiu viu to ciooc tev ccuptnutev kui tnv ctucu touc ouvocoooviu. To ocutcpo aou ovou.ctui xvneucvo cacpic,ci tnv anpooopiu viu tn oiutucn tev ccuptnutev cauve otnv aukctu kui uacikovi.ci tn opooovnon tev uvevev auve oc uutn. H onioupviu tev ouo o,coiev (o,nutiko kui tuaecvo), otnpi.ctui otn ,pnon ccuptnutev. Tu ccuptnutu uutu aopci vu civui uau kui tctpicvu, oaec uvtiotuocic aukvetcc oioooi, n cccioikcucvu oaec kuaoio ooknpecvo n kuaoio uao tu uau c ioiuitcpu oec ,upuktnpiotiku. Tu ccuptnutu aou ,pnoioaoiouvtui oto o,nutiko uacikovi.ouv cvu vcviko o,coio aou acpivpuoci tu pins, tn citoupviu uutev kui iu ,upuktnpiotikn tin viu to ku0c ccuptnu. Tu ccuptnutu aou ,pnoioaoiouvtui oto tuaecvo kukeu uvtiapooeacuouv tic ouoikcc oiuotuocic tou ku0cvoc uao uutu. 1toi viu ku0c ccuptnu tou o,nutikou uaup,ci cvu uvtiotoi,o ccuptnu tuaecvou aou oci,vci aec otckctui uuto auve otnv ouoikn aukctu. To ccopxuoxo xov xvneucvov o/cov ovou.ovxot Footprints. Tooo tu ccuptnutu tou o,nutikou ooo kui tu footprints piokovtui oc iio0nkcc cou uao tic oaoicc apcaci o o,coiuotnc vu tu uvu.ntnoci viu vu tu toao0ctnoci oto o,coio tou. Oi iio0nkcc c tu ccuptnutu tou o,nutikou civui up,ciu c kutuncn *.olb, cve tu footprints piokovtui otic iio0nkcc aou c,ouv kutuncn *.mlb. To apovpuu tou OrCAD aupc,ci aocc iio0nkcc c ccuptnutu uao oiuoopcc ctuipcicc oaec kui vcviku ncktpoviku ccuptnutu kui uauitcitui uao to o,coiuotn upkctn cvuo,onon c uutcc kui tu ccuptnutu aou acpic,ouv eotc vu civui cukon n ,pnon touc. To an0oc oec tev iio0nkev aou aupc,ovtui ocv kuuatouv ou tu ai0uvu ccuptnutu kui footprints aou ai0uvov ,pciu.ovtui oc ku0c o,coiuon. To OrCAD aupc,ci cpvuciu viu tn o,coiuon ccuptnutev kui footprints tu oaoiu uao0nkcuovtui uao to o,coiuotn citc otic Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 5 uao 46 uaup,ouocc iio0nkcc citc oc kuivoupicc aou aopci vu onioupvnoci. H cvvoiu tev iio0nkev n o,coiuon vcev ccuptnutev kui n ctukivnon touc uao iio0nkn oc iio0nkn uoopu vcviku otu o,coiuotiku apovpuutu tooo viu tuaecvu kukeutu ooo kui viu unoiuku kukeutu, ncktpoviku kukeutu uu kui otu apovpuutu apooooieonc. H kutuvonon uutnc tnc cvvoiuc cou uao to OrCAD aupc,ci oto o,coiuotn tnv ikuvotntu vu ctuci kui oc uu o,coiuotiku apovpuutu uv apokuuci uvuvkn. Lto l,no 2 aupouoiu.ctui cvu vcviko oiuvpuu ponc aou acpivpuoci caoatiku tn oiuoikuoiu o,coiuoou cvoc tuaecvou kukeutoc, ,epic vu oivovtui catocpcicc, uu iu vcvikn cikovu tev nutev. Ltn apucn oivovtui ticc otu ccuptnutu, aupuvctui to up,cio Netlist aou caitpcaci tn ctuoopu tou o,coiou oto apovpuu Layout, cve kutu tn ctuoopu aopci vu aupouoiuotouv oouutu aou apcaci vu oiop0e0ouv uao to o,coiuotn viu vu apo,epnoci n oiuoikuoiu. Ltn ouvc,ciu tev oncieocev acpivpuoovtui ou tu aupuauve nutu c tic uaupuitntcc catocpcicc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 6 uao 46 Anioupviu vcovproject c toapovpuu CaptureYaup,ouv oiu0coiuou tu ccuptnutu?Ap,nL,coiuon tevccuptnutev aouciaouvLuvocon tevccuptnutevLuo,ction ku0cccuptnutoc c cvufootprintYaup,ouv oiu0coiuou tu footprints?L,coiuon tevfootprints aou ciaouvEiouvevn tou o,coiouoto apovpuuLayoutToao0ctnon tevfootprints ockutuncc 0cocicL,coiuon uvevev,oaec oci,vci nouvocoooviuTcocNoiO,iO,iNoiToao0ctnon tevuaupuitntev ccuptnutevoto o,coio l,no 2 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 7 uao 46 2. Anuoupvo vou project Hpiv onioupvnoouc to project onioupvouc cvu oukco c oaoio ovou 0couc oc kuaoiu acpio,n tou oiokou vveotn. To apovpuu tou OrCAD onioupvci aou up,ciu kutu tn oiupkciu tnc o,coiuonc kui uv ocv uaup,ci o aupuauve oukcoc civui ai0uvov vu ,u0ouv ,pnoiu up,ciu. Iiu tn onioupviu cvoc vcou project cckivuc to apovpuu tou OrCAD Capture kui uao to cvou caicvouc File New Project oaotc couvi.ctui to aupukute aupu0upo oiuovou: l,no 3 Ltn 0con Name toao0ctouc to ovou aou 0couc vu c,ci to project. 4povti.ouc vu civui caicvcvo to Schematic otu kouaiu kui tcoc otnv caiovn tou Location oivouc tn oiuopon tou oukcou aou onioupvnouc eotc ou tu up,ciu tnc o,coiuonc ku0ec kui to ioio to project vu ouuooovtui ckci. Hutevtuc OK cckivuci to apovpuu Capture c cvu kcvo project kui iu cukn ociou viu o,nutiko o,coio. H cikovu aou ouivctui civui uutn tou l,no:oc 4 oaou upiotcpu uaup,ci cvu ikpo aupu0upo aou oci,vci tn oon tou project kui occiu cvu aupu0upo c tn cukn ociou o,nutikou. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 8 uao 46 l,no 4 H toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev aou ,pciu.ctui n o,coiuon vivctui c tnv caiovn touc uao kuaoiu iio0nkn. 1,ovtuc caiccci to aupu0upo tou o,nutikou vu civui cvcpvo kui uao to cvou Place Part couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 5 oaou ouivctui aoicc iio0nkcc civui oiu0coicc viu vu no0ouv ccuptnutu oto tnu Libraries. Lto tnu Part ouivctui to ccuptnu aou caicvctui kui kute occiu aupouoiu.ctui iu cikovu tou ccuptnutoc. Oaec civui couvcc uao tic caiovcc tev kouaiev aopci vu apootc0ci iu iio0nkn otn oiu0con tou o,coiuotn n vu uouipc0ci kuaoiu aou ocv tou ,pciu.ctui. Eaionc civui ouvutov vu vivci uvu.ntnon cvoc ccuptnutoc oc occ tic iio0nkcc aou oiu0ctci to OrCAD oivovtuc ivu otoi,ciu tou ovoutoc tou. Eacion n uvu.ntnon tev uaupuitntev ccuptnutev c uuto tov tpoao civui ,povoopu kui oonvci otnv cauvunun tnc ioiuc cpvuoiuc, apotcivctui n onioupviu iuc iio0nknc uao to ,pnotn oaou o ioioc 0u c,ci ouvkcvtpecvu tu ccuptnutu aou ,pnoioaoici acpioootcpo ou,vu oaec kui tu ccuptnutu aou c,ci o,coiuoci o ioioc coooov ocv uaup,ouv non otn ouovn tou OrCAD. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 9 uao 46 l,no 5 3. Anuoupvo ko npoo0nkn vo Ko0nkn ovnuotko H onioupviu iuc kuivoupiuc iio0nknc civui cukon cpvuoiu. Eaicvctui uao to cvou File New Library kui aupouoiu.ctui cvu aupu0upo to oaoio petuci oc aoio project 0u apootc0ci. Eaicvouc vu apootc0ci oto tpc,ov project kui caouc oti oto aupu0upo tnc oonc kute uao to oukco Library apooti0ctui cvu up,cio c to ovou library1.olb . Maopci vu uu,0ci to ovou uuto c occi kik auve tou kui caiovn Save as H vcu iio0nkn aou onioupvn0nkc uaotcci cc,epioto up,cio ctuocpoio uao to o,coiuotn ctucu oiuoopctikev projects n oiuoopctikev PC. To up,cio uuto oaec uvuocp0nkc c,ci ovou library1.olb kui uaup,ci oto oukco aou onioupvn0nkc up,iku viu to project, cve ooo to cvc0oc tou oiutnpcitui ikpo uvtivpuoctui cukou kui oc oiokctu. 4. Hpoo0nkn rfoptnutmv otn vo Ko0nkn Tu aio ouvn0iocvu ccuptnutu aou ,pciu.ctui o o,coiuotnc piokovtui otn iio0nkn discrete.olb. Iiu vu uvoi,0ci kui vu couviotci to acpic,ocvo tnc Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 10 uao 46 caicvouc uao to cvou File Open Library DISCRETE.olb, oaotc uvoivci cvu aupu0upo ouv uuto aou oci,vci tn oon tou project, c tu acpic,ocvu tnc iio0nknc couvn. H uvtivpuon cvoc ccuptnutoc uao iu iio0nkn oc un vivctui ec ccnc: Eaicvctui to cai0unto ccuptnu kui otn ouvc,ciu uao to cvou Edit Copy uvtivpuoctui. Ltn ouvc,ciu caicvouc tn iio0nkn otnv oaoiu 0u kutuncci to ccuptnu kui uao to cvou Edit Paste vivctui caikonon. Hpcaci vu oncie0ci oti tu ccuptnutu otn iio0nkn c,ouv ouo opocc. Eitc civui apetotuau citc civui caikuuucic ccuptnutev. O oiu,epiooc touc vivctui uao tnv auuu(-) [aou uaup,ci oto ikpo o,coio tnc aunc] oiau oc ku0c ccuptnu. Autu aou ocv c,ouv auuu civui tu apetotuau. Avtivpuoovtuc cvu ccuptnu aou c,ci kui caikuuucic, totc uvtivpuoovtui kui uutcc. Av o o,coiuotnc ocv tic cai0uci apcaci vu tic oiuvpuuci iu-iu o ioioc. Aoou caoutiotci n iio0nkn c tu cai0untu ccuptnutu kuvouc occi kik auve tnc kui caicvouc Save n Save as Av kuaoio ccuptnu ocv uaup,ci otn iio0nkn discrete.olb totc to uvu.ntouc citc otic uaooiacc iio0nkcc uvu kutuokcuuotn, citc caicvouc to cvou Place Part Part Search viu vu kuvouc uvu.ntnon oc occ tic iio0nkcc ouoevu c to ovou tou ccuptnutoc. Av ocv pc0ci outc c uuto tov tpoao, totc 0u apcaci vu o,coiuotci uao tov ,pnotn tou apovpuutoc kui vu uao0nkcu0ci oc iu iio0nkn viu ai0uvn covtikn ,pnon. 5. Zvroon vmv rfoptnutmv Tu ccuptnutu aou ,pciu.ctui o o,coiuotnc kui ocv uaup,ouv oiu0coiu uao to apovpuu oc kuaoiu iio0nkn aopouv cukou vu o,coiuotouv upkci vu tnpn0ouv kuaoicc apoao0cocic. 1,ci caicvci oeotu to ccuptnu viu tic apooiuvpuocc tou ouvoikou ouotnutoc. Yaup,ci oiu0coio to datasheet tou kutuokcuuotn tou ccuptnutoc. On n oiuoikuoiu tnc o,coiuonc ukoou0ci to datasheet viu vu uaoocu,0ouv aponutu uouutotntuc. Iiu to okoao tev oncieocev 0u onioupvn0ci to o,nutiko oiuvpuu cvoc 7-segment display, ouvkckpicvu tou SC52-11 tnc ctuipciuc Kingbright. Lto l,no 6 ouivctui cvu tnu tou datasheet ouoevu c to oaoio 0u cpvuotouc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 11 uao 46 l,no 6 Apiotcpu ouivovtui oi ouoikcc oiuotuocic tou ccuptnutoc ,iiootu(ivtocc) kui occiu n upi0non tev pins, n ovouoiu touc kui n citoupviu touc. Iiu to o,nutiko oiuvpuu uc cvoiuocpci n anpooopiu otu occiu, cve uutn otu upiotcpu civui ,pnoin viu tn o,coiuon tou footprint tou ccuptnutoc. To 7-segment SC52-11 civui koivnc ku0ooou aou onuivci oti viu vu uvuuci cvu otoi,cio tou display apcaci vu oo0ci tuon oto pin tou otoi,ciou kui n koivn ku0oooc vu ouvoc0ci otn vcieon tou kukeutoc. Ltov aupukute aivuku ouvoui.ovtui tu ovoutu kui tu pins tou ccuptnutoc. Ovouo pin # pin a 7 b 6 c 4 d 2 e 1 f 9 g 10 DP (Dot Point) 5 CC (Common Cathode) 3 CC (Common Cathode) 8 Iiu tn onioupviu cvoc ccuptnutoc cou oc iu iio0nkn, otn oon tou project caicvouc tn iio0nkn kuvouc occi kik kui caicvouc uao to cvou New Part oaotc couvi.ctui to aupu0upo oiuovou tou l,no:oc 7. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 12 uao 46 l,no 7 Ltn 0con Name vpuoouc to ovou tou ccuptnutoc, c to oaoio 0u ouivctui kui cou otn iio0nkn. Lto ouvkckpicvo aupuocivu 0u to ovouoouc SC52-11. Ltn 0con Part Reference Prefix toao0ctouc tu vpuutu DS. To acoio Part Reference Prefix c,ci vu kuvci c tnv ovouoiu tou ccuptnutoc cou oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu. Iiu aupuocivu oi aukvetcc c,ouv oc uuto to acoio kutu ouuon to vpuu C, oi uvtiotuocic to vpuu R, oi oioooi to vpuu D k.o.k. Aiau oto vpuu kui cou oto o,nutiko couvi.ctui cvu cpetnutiko uvviko (?) viu ku0c ccuptnu, c,pi tn ouon tnc o,coiuonc aou 0u uvtikutuotu0ci uao cvu voucpo. Iiu to display oto o,nutiko 0u couvi.ctui to DS?. H ,pnon tev vpuutev ocv civui ococutikn, kutu koivn oooviu oec kuaoiu ,pnoioaoiouvtui uao iu ocipu ccuptnutev c tu uaooiau vu civui ccu0cpu viu ,pnon uao touc o,coiuotcc. Ltn 0con PCB Footprint apoc to aupov ocv toao0ctouc tiaotu, otn 0con Parts per Pkg cuievouotc oti uaup,ci n tin 1, kui tic uaooiacc 0cocic tic uonvouc otic up,ikcc ticc touc. Hutuc OK kui couvi.ctui iu ociou viu to o,coiuoo tou ccuptnutoc. H cikovu aou caouc civui uutn tou l,no:oc 8. To op0ovevio o,nu c tic oiukckocvcc vpucc ku0opi.ci to cvc0oc tou o,nutoc to oaoio aopci vu uucci tpuevtuc iu uao tic vevicc tou. To cvc0oc to ctuuouc uvuovu c to aoou pins c,ci to ccuptnu, ctoi eotc vu ,epcoouv ou. Tu cpvuciu o,coiuonc piokovtui oc iu ku0ctn aupu otu occiu tou apovpuutoc. Ap,iku o,coiu.ouc cvu op0ovevio caicvovtuc to kouai: To op0ovevio Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 13 uao 46 uuto uaotcci to oeu tou ccuptnutoc cve to cvc0oc tou apcaci caionc vu ,epuci ou tu pins. Ltn ouvc,ciu kuvouc oiao kik otn ccn kui couvi.ctui cvu aupu0upo oaou vpuoouc to ovou c to oaoio 0u couvi.ctui to ccuptnu cou oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu. Lto aupu0upo uuto opovti.ouc vu civui caicvcvo to Name Only, c tic uaooiacc caiovcc vu aupucvouv oaec civui. Moic opiotci to oeu tou ccuptnutoc toao0ctouvtui tu pins vupe oc uuto c to kouai: Tu pins toao0ctouvtui couatocvu oto oeu tou ccuptnutoc otic 0cocic aou aiotcuci o o,coiuotnc oti civui aio oikcc kui to kuvouv l,no 8 acpioootcpo cuuvuvveoto. Moic o o,coiuotnc caiccci to kouai viu tnv toao0ctnon tev pins couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 9. Eaicvci to voucpo aou 0u c,ci to pin ku0ec kui to ovou tou. Eaionc aopci vu caiccci tnv ioiotntu tou pin, uvuovu c to uv civui pin tpooooooiuc, ciooooc, ccoooc, au0ntiko ka. Iiu to okoao tou aupuocivutoc 0u ,pnoioaoinoouc tnv ioiotntu Passive kui 0u cckivnoouc tnv upi0non uao to voucpo 1. Maopci ukou vu caicvci kui to o,nu tou pin kui to apotiotcpo civui to Line. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 14 uao 46 l,no 9 1,ovtuc caiccci ouv up,iko voucpo to 1 aopci o o,coiuotnc vu toao0ctci cvu-cvu ou tu pins oto o,coio c upiotcpo kik, cve n upi0non uucuvci uutoutu. Otuv tccieoci n toao0ctnon oev tev pins kuvouc occi kik kui caicvouc End Mode. Bcuiu ou tu pins uaoktouv to ioio ovou kui tic ioicc ioiotntcc kui 0u apcaci vu oiop0e0ouv otn ouvc,ciu kuvovtuc oiao kik oto ku0cvu uao uutu. H cikovu aou c,ouc civui uutn tou l,no:oc 10. Otuv tccieoouc tn oiuoikuoiu o,coiuonc kui uoou cuie0ouc oti to ccuptnu aou o,coiuouc ouoevci c to datasheet tou kutuokcuuotn caicvouc File Save viu vu uao0nkcu0ci n iio0nkn c to vco ccuptnu kui kcivouc to aupu0upo o,coiuonc ccuptnutev. Eivui ai0uvov vu apon0ci nvuu viu ioiu ovoutu oc oiuoopctiku pins, to oaoio aopouc vu uvvonoouc. Av uvoicouc tn iio0nkn 0u oouc oti to kuivoupio ccuptnu piokctui ckci kui civui ctoio viu ,pnon. l,no 10 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 15 uao 46 6. Zvroon Zvnuotko ovpuuoto 1,ovtuc ouvkcvtpeoci ou tu ccuptnutu aou civui uaupuitntu, aopouc vu cckivnoouc tn o,coiuon tou kukeutoc. Hpiv uao uuto oec kuo civui vu kuvouc kuaoicc pu0iocic oto acpiuov o,coiuonc. Eaicvouc uao to cvou Options Design Template Page Size uao oaou aopouc vu pu0ioouc tic ovuocc ctpnonc oto o,nutiko (,iiootu n ivtocc). Kuo civui vu apotinoouc tic ivtocc viu kuutcpn ccoikcieon uoou oi kutuokcuuotcc ccuptnutev tic ,pnoioaoiouv ouv apetcuov ctpiko ouotnu otu datasheets. Maopouc caionc vu caiccouc kui to cvc0oc tnc ociouc tou o,nutikou, eotc vu ,epcoci oo to o,coio uc uv civui upkctu cvuo. Lto apovpuu Capture uaup,ci n ouvutotntu vu ,epiotci n o,coiuon oc aouacc ociocc uv civui aou cvun, apcaci oec oi ouvococic aou ctuocpovtui oc oiuoopctikn ociou vu civui cvecvcc c OFF PAGE connectors. Acv uvuocpovtui acpuitcpe catocpcicc viu tn o,coiuon oc aouacc ociocc uu o uvuvveotnc aopci vu acipuutiotci viu vu u0ci kui uutn tn ouvutotntu tou apovpuutoc. Ltn ouvc,ciu cckivuci n toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev uao tn iio0nkn otn ociou tou o,nutikou. Eaicvovtuc to kouai n uao to cvou Place Part couvi.ctui to aupu0upo oiuovou tou l,no:oc 5 uao to oaoio opovti.ouc otn 0con Libraries vu civui caicvcvn ovo n iio0nkn aou otiucuc ccic. Ekci civui ai0uvov vu uaup,ouv kui ucc iio0nkcc uv tic c,ouc uvoi,tcc uao apiv oaec caionc uaup,ci kui n iio0nkn Design Cache kputuci ou tu ccuptnutu aou auivouv uao kuaoiu iio0nkn oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu. Hpotcivctui vu ,pnoioaoicitui n iio0nkn aou c,ouc otiucci ccic uoou uaoti0ctui oti c,ci u.ccvu kui tuktoaoincvu ou tu ccuptnutu aou 0u ,pciuotouc. Aao tn iotu otn 0con Part caicvouc to ccuptnu aou 0couc, viu to oaoio aopouc vu c,ouc kui iu caoatikn cikovu kute occiu tou aupu0upou. 1acitu autuc OK oaotc caiotpcoouc otn ociou tnc o,coiuonc c to ccuptnu vu piokctui otov ociktn tou aovtikiou, kui aopouc vu to toao0ctnoouc oc oaoiu 0con civui oikn c cvu upiotcpo kik. Hpiv toao0ctnoouc to ccuptnu aopouc vu kuvouc occi kik kui vu to acpiotpcuouc vu to ocpouc oc 0con mirror vu apououc tic ioiotntcc tou n vu tcputioouc tn toao0ctnon tou ccuptnutoc caicvovtuc End Mode. Eauvuuuvouc uutn tn oiuoikuoiu c,pi vu toao0ctnoouc ou n upkctu Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 16 uao 46 ccuptnutu viu vu cckivnoouc tn ouvocoooviu ctucu touc. Toao0ctevtuc ku0c ccuptnu caouc oti c,ouv oiau touc cvu vpuu c cvu upi0o, a.,. C1, R3, cve kuaoiu uao uutu c,ouv oiau touc kui cvu acoio aou ovou.ctui . Lto acoio c oiao kik vpuoouc tnv tin aou 0u c,ci to ccuptnu. Kuo civui vu c,ouv ticc ou tu ccuptnutu kui kupiec oi uvtiotuocic kui oi aukvetcc viu vu nv uaupcci oouu otn o,coiuon tou Layout n otnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev. Akoou0ci n ouvocoooviu ctucu tev pins tev ccuptnutev n oaoiu vivctui caicvovtuc to kouai n uao to cvou Place Wire. Hpcaci vu oivctui ioiuitcpn apooo,n otic ouvococic viuti uutcc 0u uvtikutoatpiotouv oto apovpuu Layout, oonvevtuc ai0uvov oc uv0uocvn o,coiuon uvevev ouvoconc oto tuaecvo kukeu. Ao oovoeic uozoov noo ioozoooovovzoi ozo o,nuoziu ev evovovzoi oooiooziu. 1toi aopouc vu oiuotuupevouc kueoiu ,epic to ooo pu,ukukeutoc. Iiu vu caiuouc tnv cveon ouo oiuotuupoucvev kueoiev, apcaci vu ,pnoioaoinoouc cvu Junction oto oncio cveonc. To Junction toao0ctcitui c to kouai n uao to cvou Place Junction. Tu kueoiu kui tu Junctions onvouv uao to o,nutiko uau caicvovtuc tu kui autevtuc Delete. Av kuaoio pin cvoc ccuptnutoc ocv ouvoc0ci aou0cvu toao0ctouc otnv ukpn tou cvu No Connect ouoo, citc c to kouai citc uao to cvou Place No Connect. Iiu vu onoci cvu ouoo No Connect uao to o,nutiko ocv civui ouvutov caicvovtuc to kui autevtuc Delete. Honei vo zono0ezn0e cov vo ouozo No Connect nvo oe ooz noo 0zooue vo onoooue. Otuv ooknpe0ci n ouvocoooviu oev tev ccuptnutev kuvouc cvuv ccv,o viu tu,ov uv0uocvcc ouvococic. Lcipu c,ci n toao0ctnon ouoev VCC kui GND otu kueoiu tou kukeutoc aou ocpouv tnv tuon kui tn vcieon tou uvtiotoi,u. H toao0ctnon vivctui uao tu kouaiu n uao to cvou Place Power kui Place Ground. Ltic ouo acpiateocic couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 11 uao to oaoio caicvctui n iio0nkn CAPSYM otn 0con Libraries. Eaicvouc uao tn iotu iu vcieon n tpooooooiu, auve uao uutn caouc to ovou tou ouoou otn iio0nkn, occiu iu caoatikn cikovu tou ouoou, cve otn 0con Name vpuoouc to ovou aou 0u c,ci to ouoo cou oto o,nutiko. Eaicvouc OK kui toao0ctouc to ouoo cou oto o,coio. H ouvocon c to kueoio tpooooooiuc n Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 17 uao 46 vcieonc tou kukeutoc vivctui uau, oaec kui n ouvocon tev ccuptnutev. 1o ouozo 1oooooooc uoi Ieoonc ev onozezov ecooznuozo. Auto ouvcauvctui oti kutu tn o,coiuon tou tuaecvou, to apovpuu ocv toao0ctci kuaoio oncio ouvoconc otnv aukctu viu vu tpoooootn0ci uutn uao kuaoiu anvn tpooooooiuc. Tu ouou uutu uau ,upuktnpi.ouv tu ouvkckpicvu kueoiu c tic ioiotntcc aou uvuocpouv viu vu civui aio cukon n oiu,cipion touc uao to o,coiuotn kutu tn oiupkciu ,upucnc tev uvevev oto apovpuu Layout. l,no 11 Av cai0cci o o,coioo:nc vo :oao0c:noci oncio ovoconc c c.c:coikn anyn ao/aci vo aooci oao :n iio0nkn :o ko:ono c.oo:no, onoon /vo connector :o oaoio 0o :o ocvo/oci oacc koi :o caooiao c.oo:no:o c :o kocoio :oocooooioc koi yciconc. Aoou ooknpe0ci n o,coiuon tou o,nutikou 0u apokuuci cvu oiuvpuu ouv tou l,no:oc 12. Hpiv apo,epnoouc oto apovpuu Layout apcaci vu apoctoiuoouc to o,coio eotc vu c,ci on tnv anpooopiu aou civui uaupuitntn. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 18 uao 46 l,no 12 7. Hportouooo vo to npvpouuo Layout Lto l,no 12 ouivctui oti ku0c ccuptnu (cktoc uao tnv tin) ,upuktnpi.ctui uao cvu ouvouuoo vpuutev kui cvu voucpo. Avuocpovtui viu aupuocivu C1, C2, C3, DS1, DS2, Q1, Q2, U1, R1, R2, RAutoc o keoikoc aou c,ci ku0c ccuptnu civui ovuoikoc viu ku0c o,nutiko oiuvpuu kui cc,epi.ci ouoiuotiku ouo ioiu ccuptnutu. 1toi civui ouvuto vu c,ouc ouo n kui aupuauve uvtiotuocic tev 330O n ouo kui aupuauve 7-segment displays tu oaoiu oiu,epi.ovtui uao to oiuoopctiko voucpo aou c,ci to ku0cvu oiau oto oiko tou ouvouuoo vpuutev. O keoikoc uutoc civui vveotoc ouv Part Reference n Reference Designator n Designator. To reference designator uucuvci uutoutu uao to 1 viu ku0c ccuptnu ioiou tuaou Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 19 uao 46 aou toao0ctcitui oto o,nutiko. Hupou uutu onvovtuc kui toao0ctevtuc cuvu cvu ccuptnu, n kuvovtuc copy-paste oc kuaoio uo ,uvctui uutn n oiuoo,ikn ocipu tev reference designators. To OrCAD apooocpci iu uutoutoaoincvn c0ooo viu tn oiop0eon oev tev designators. Lto aupu0upo tnc oonc tou project caicvouc to up,cio c tnv kutuncn .dsn kui uao to cvou Tools Annotate couvi.ctui to aupu0upo oiuovou tou l,no:oc 13, uao to oaoio ,epic vu acipucouc tic uaooiacc caiovcc, caicvouc to kouai Reset part references to ?, kui autuc OK. 1toi ou tu ccuptnutu uaoktouv designator oaou otn 0con tou upi0ou uaup,ci cvu uvviko cpetnutiko. Eauvuuuvouc on tn oiuoikuoiu kui otnv couvion tou l,no:oc 13, caicvouc to kouai Incremental reference update, oaotc ou tu ccuptnutu 0u uaoktnoouv cvu kui ovuoiko voucpo otn 0con tou cpetnutikou tou designator. l,no 13 Ltn ouvc,ciu apcaci viu ku0c ccuptnu tou o,nutikou oiuvpuutoc vu opioouc cvu footprint aou 0u ,pnoioaoin0ci uao to apovpuu Layout viu tn uvtiotoi,non touc c tu ccuptnutu tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. 1,ovtuc caicvcvo to aupu0upo tou o,nutikou caicvctui uao to cvou Edit Select All kui otn ouvc,ciu cou oto o,nutiko c occi kik caicvouc Edit Properties. Eouvi.ctui cvu Spreadsheet oto oaoio viu vu oouc tu ccuptnutu apcaci vu caiccouc to Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 20 uao 46 uaocvou Parts kute upiotcpu oto aupu0upo. H cikovu aou caouc civui uutn tou l,no:oc 14, ,epic ticc otn otnn PCB Footprint. l,no 14 H tin tou footprint aou apcaci vu toao0ctn0ci viu ku0c ccuptnu civui ukpiec to ovou c to oaoio civui uao0nkcucvo to footprint uuto cou otn iio0nkn tou. Acatocpcicc viu tu footprints, tu ovoutu touc kui tic iio0nkcc touc 0u oo0ouv oto caocvo kcouuio, cve apoc to aupov uc 0cepn0ouv ocoocvu. 1,ovtuc oeoci tu ovoutu otu footprints uaocvci to tccutuio nu viu tnv ooknpeon tnc o,coiuonc oto o,nutiko. 1,ovtuc caicvcvo to up,cio .dsn uao to aupu0upo tnc oonc tou project caicvouc uao to cvou Tools Create Netlist oaotc couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 15. Lc uuto to aupu0upo caicvouc to uaocvou Layout kui opovti.ouc otn 0con Combined property string: vu uaup,ci n tin {PCB Footprint}, cve otn 0con Netlist File caouc oti to up,cio aou acpic,ci to netlist c,ci kutuncn .mnl kui uao0nkcuctui oto oukco aou c,ouc onioupvnoci ccup,nc viu to ouvkckpicvo project. Hutuc OK kui onioupvcitui to netlist. Auto Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 21 uao 46 to up,cio acpic,ci ouvkcvtpecvn on tnv anpooopiu viu tu ccuptnutu tnc o,coiuonc, tn ouvocoooviu touc, tic ticc touc kui to footprint aou touc uvtiotoi,ci kui 0u ,pnoioaoin0ci viu tn ctuoopu tou kukeutoc oto apovpuu Layout. l,no 15 8. Aovrpon ko ovroon vmv Footprints Ltnv ciouvevn tev oncieocev uvuocp0nkc oti oi iio0nkcc c tu ccuptnutu civui aou onuvtiku viu tnv ooknpeon tnc o,coiuonc tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. Lto oiuvpuu ponc tou l,no:oc 2 ouivctui oti viu vu apo,epnoouc otn ouon toao0ctnonc uvevev oto apovpuu Layout apcaci vu c,ouc anpn tn iio0nkn c tu footprints aou ,pciu.ouotc. Av ocv civui anpnc to apovpuu tou OrCAD apooocpci tn ouvutotntu vu onioupvnoouc oiku uc footprints kui vu tu uao0nkcuoouc oc iio0nkcc. Lto kcouuio uuto 0u uo,on0ouc c tn onioupviu iuc apooeaiknc iio0nknc aou 0u tnv caoutioouc c ,pnoiu footprints tooo uao non uaup,ovtu, ooo kui uao oikn uc o,coiuon. Avoivouc to apovpuu Layout caicvovtuc Start Programs OrCAD Release 9.1 Layout. Aao to aupu0upo aou couvi.ctui caicvouc Tools Library Manager, oaotc couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 16, uao to oaoio vivctui n oiu,cipion tev iio0nkev tev footprints. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 22 uao 46 Apiotcpu kui auve otn 0con Libraries caouc occ tic iio0nkcc aou c,ouv oopte0ci cou oto apovpuu Layout. Oi iio0nkcc civui up,ciu c kutuncn .llb kui aopouv vu apootc0ouv n vu uouipc0ouv uao to apovpuu c tu kouaiu Add kui Remove uvtiotoi,u. Aao tn 0con Libraries uv caiccouc iu iio0nkn, otn 0con Footprints 0u couviotouv tu acpic,ocvu tnc, cve uv caiccouc kuaoio uao uutu totc occiu 0u couviotci to o,coio tou. Iiu aupuocivu caicvouc tn iio0nkn DIP100T kui to ccuptnu DIP.100/14/W.300/L.700, oaotc couvi.ctui to footprint tou l,no:oc 17. Ac ccnvnoouc tnv ovoutooviu tev iio0nkev kui tev ccuptnutev. H iio0nkn DIP100T acpic,ci footprints uao ccuptnutu Dual In line Package aou tu pads c,ouv uaootuon ctucu touc 100 mils (,iiootu tnc ivtouc) kui civui Through hole, onuon viu oiutpntn aukctu kui o,i caiouvciuknc ouvkononc. To ccuptnu DIP.100/14/W.300/L.700 onioupvci otnv aukctu tu uaupuitntu pads viu vu kon0ci auve tnc cvu toia c 14 pins aou to ku0cvu c,ci l,no 16 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 23 uao 46 l,no 17 uaootuon uao to uo 100 mils, to autoc tou toia civui 300 mils kui to nkoc tou 700 mils. Mc aupooio tpoao aopouc vu oouc ou tu ccuptnutu oev tev iio0nkev kui vu cpnvcuoouc tic ioiotntcc touc kui tic ouoikcc touc oiuotuocic. Huputnpouc oec oti tu ovoutu civui ukpookcn, ouokou otn ouvtucn kui ouo,pnotu oto vpuuio tou Spreadsheet tou apovpuutoc Capture tou l,no:oc 14. Oaec civui caicvcvo to aupuauve ccuptnu uv autnoouc to kouai Save As kute uao tn 0con Footprints, couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 18. Lc uuto uaup,ci cvu kouai, to Create New Library to oaoio 0u uc caitpcuci vu onioupvnoouc tn oikn uc iio0nkn. Aivouc cvu ovou viu to up,cio tnc iio0nknc, c kutuncn .llb kui to uao0nkcuouc oc kuaoiu 0con oto oknpo oioko. Lto l,no 18 otn 0con Name of footprint ctovou.ouc to aponvoucvo footprint c cvu oiko viu cuc ovou. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 24 uao 46 l,no 18 Eauvuuuvovtuc uutn tn oiuoikuoiu aopouc vu uvu.ntnoouc cou oc occ tic iio0nkcc tu ccuptnutu aou civui ,pnoiu kui vu tu ctuocpouc otnv oikn uc iio0nkn caicvovtuc tnv (ctu tnv up,ikn onioupviu tnc) uao to kouai Browse tou l,no:oc 18. Maopouc vu oivouc kui ikpotcpu ovoutu otu footprints auvtu oec apcaci vu c,ouv ,upuktnpiotiko ovou viu vu kutuuuivouc cukou acpi tivoc apokcitui. On uutn n oiuoikuoiu ocv civui uaupuitntn viu tnv op0n citoupviu kui tnv acputeon tnc cpvuoiuc, uu apotcivctui viu ouvoikn kui ukpo,poviu cukoiu apoc to o,coiuotn. Yaup,ci oec ai0uvotntu kuaoiu footprints vu nv piokovtui oc kuiu uao tic iio0nkcc oaotc kuouuotc vu tu o,coiuoouc ovoi uc. Iiu vu to kutuocpouc uuto tnpevtuc tu oeotu cvc0n tev pads tic uaootuocic touc kui tic ouoikcc oiuotuocic tou ccuptnutoc, apcaci vu ououcutouc to datasheet tou kutuokcuuotn. Ou oouc on tn oiuoikuoiu ,pnoioaoievtuc ouv aupuocivu tn o,coiuon tou footprint tou 7-segment display SC52-11. Ap,iku 0u uvuocpouc kuaoicc ioiotntcc aou io,uouv vcviku otu tuaecvu kukeutu. Oi aukctcc aou c,ouv o,coiuocvu tuaecvu kukeutu aopouv vu c,ouv aou caiacou. Autu ,epi.ovtui oc ouo kutnvopicc. Tu ncktpiku kui tu n ncktpiku. Tu ncktpiku caiacou ouo,cti.ovtui c tu ouu ,ukou aou civui koncvu oc caociko uiko kui c,ouv tn opon ouvtouitc. Tu onutu acpvuvc uao caiacoo oc caiacoo c tn ,pnon via, aou civui oiutpntu onciu otu oaoiu apooti0ctui uvevio uiko. Lc uutcc tic oncieocic 0u uo,on0ouc c tuaecvu kukeutu kui aukctcc ouo ncktpikev caiacoev aou kutuokcuu.ovtui ,epic Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 25 uao 46 cccioikcucvo ccoaioo. Tu n ncktpiku caiacou o,cti.ovtui c o,coiu auve otnv aukctu aou ocv uvouv pcuu uu uaup,ouv viu cukoiu otnv kutuokcun kui caiokcun tev aukctev kui aupc,ouv apootuoiu uao occioeon kui pu,ukukeutu. Tctoiu o,coiu civui n ctucotuaiu aou oci,vci tn oiutucn tev ccuptnutev kui to apuoivo cpviki aou kuuatci touc uvevouc uonvovtuc ccu0cpu tu pads viu vu vivouv oi konocic. To OrCAD oiu,cipi.ctui uutu tu caiacou cou uao cvu Spreadsheet viu tu Padstacks, viu vu aopcoci vu kuvci tic uaupuitntcc pu0iocic o o,coiuotnc. Eaionc ,pnoioaoici cvu Spreadsheet viu vu oiu,cipiotci tu Footprints. Eivui onuvtiko vu uaoktnoci cu,cpciu c uutu tu Spreadsheets o o,coiuotnc viu vu aopci vu kuvci cukou kui c ukpiciu occ tic pu0iocic tou. Hupukute auputi0cvtui tu uoiku caiacou kui o pooc touc. Hcktpiku caiacou: Top Layer (TOP): Eivui to caiacoo ,ukou otnv cauve acupu tnc aukctuc. Xpnoioaoicitui viu tn o,coiuon uvevev. Bottom Layer (BOTTOM): Eivui to caiacoo ,ukou otnv kute acupu tnc aukctuc. Xpnoioaoicitui ooiec viu tn o,coiuon uvevev. Plane Layer (PLANE): Acv civui caiacoo ,ukou. L,coiu.ctui viu tn onioupviu ku0upnc acpio,nc vupe uao kuaoio pad oc caiacoo aou uuto ocv ouvocctui c uvevo. Solder Paste Top Layer (SPTOP): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci tnv toao0ctnon tnc kononc oto auve caiacoo. Xpnoioaoicitui viu ccuptnutu kui aukctcc caiouvciuknc ouvkononc. Solder Paste Bottom Layer (SPBOT): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci tnv toao0ctnon tnc kononc oto kute caiacoo. Xpnoioaoicitui viu ccuptnutu kui aukctcc caiouvciuknc ouvkononc. Mn ncktpiku caiacou: Solder Mask Top Layer (SMTOP): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci aec toao0ctcitui to apootutcutiko apuoivo cpviki oto auve caiacoo ,ukou. Solder Mask Bottom Layer (SMBOT): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci aec toao0ctcitui to apootutcutiko apuoivo cpviki oto kute caiacoo ,ukou. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 26 uao 46 Silkscreen Top Layer (SSTOP): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci aec o,coiu.ctui n ctucotuaiu tev ccuptnutev oto auve caiacoo ,ukou. Silkscreen Bottom Layer (SSBOT): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci aec o,coiu.ctui n ctucotuaiu tev ccuptnutev oto auve caiacoo ,ukou. Drill Layer (DRILL): Eivui to caiacoo aou ku0opi.ci aec 0u vivouv oi tpuacc auve otu pads kui otu via, tic oiuotuocic touc kui tn 0con touc. Ioiuitcpo caiacoo civui to Global Layer aou civui oputo oc oaoio caiacoo kui uv o,coiu.ouc kui ouoiku oi ioiotntcc tou uoopouv ou tu caiacou o,coiuonc. Lto l,no 19 oivctui cuvu to kouti tou datasheet tou 7-segment display SC52-11 viu vu ,pnoioaoin0ci viu tn o,coiuon tou footprint uutou tou ccuptnutoc. Huputnpouc oti to 1o pin piokctui kute upiotcpu kui tu pins ctucu touc c,ouv uaootuon 100 mils. Oi ouo vpucc tev pads uac,ouv ctucu touc 600 mils kui oi ccetcpikcc oiuotuocic civui acpiaou 700x500 mils. To 1o pin 0u to o,coiuoouc tctpuvevo kui tu uaooiau otpovvuu. l,no 19 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 27 uao 46 l,no 20 Eaicvouc to kouai Create New Footprint aou piokctui kute uao tn 0con Footprints oto aupu0upo tou Library Manager kui couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 20. Lc uuto to aupu0upo oivouc to ovou tou vcou footprint kui autuc OK. Acoec oto aupu0upo o,coiuonc occiu couvi.ovtui kuaoiu koutiu kcicvou kui cvu pad, to 1o tou footprint. Tu koutiu kcicvou ocv canpcu.ouv to footprint uoou ocv civui vpucvu c ncktpiko caiacoo. 1acitu caicvouc to kouai kui uao to cvou aou couvi.ctui caicvouc Padstacks kui couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 21. Aao uuto to Spreadsheet 0u onioupvnoouc ouo cioev pads. 1vu tctpuvevo kui cvu otpovvuo viu vu tu ,pnoioaoinoouc oto 1o kui otu 2 ec 10 pads tou footprint uvtiotoi,u. H ovouoiu kui n opooaoinon tev pads vivctui ec ccnc. Eaicvouc to padstack T1, kuvouc oiao kik oc uuto kui couvi.ctui to aupu0upo oiuovou tou l,no:oc 22. Aivouc cvu kuivoupio ovou oto padstack kui autuc OK. Lto Spreadsheet tou l,no:oc 21 caicvouc tu caiacou TOP, BOTTOM, SMTOP, SMBOT, autevtuc Shift, kuvouc occi kik kui caicvouc Properties. Eouvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 23 c,ovtuc oec occ tic caiovcc oiu0coicc otn 0con Pad Shape. Aao uutn tn 0con caicvouc Square kui otic 0cocic Pad Width kui Pad Height vpuoouc tnv tin 60 mils. Ooiec caicvouc to caiacoo PLANE tou oivouc o,nu Square kui oiuotuocic 70 mils. Tcoc tu caiacou DRLDWG kui DRILL touc oivouc o,nu Round kui oiuotuocic 20 mils. H ioiu oiuoikuoiu cauvuuuvctui viu vu onioupvnoouc cvu ukou Padstack c otpovvuo o,nu oc ou tu caiacou cve oiutnpouc tic ioicc oiuotuocic. Tciku cou oto Spreadsheet to apovpuu onioupvci aui tu vcviku Padstack T1 kui T2 oaec ntuv kui oto tcoc apoo0ctci tu Padstack aou cotiucc o o,coiuotnc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 28 uao 46 l,no 21 l,no 22 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 29 uao 46 l,no 23 Mctu tnv onioupviu tev Padstacks toao0ctouc tu pads otic kutuncc 0cocic viu vu onioupvn0ci to footprint. Avoivouc to Spreadsheet tev footprints kui aupouoiu.ctui to l,no 24, aou coe c,ci tnv tcikn tou opon, ctu tnv toao0ctnon oev tev pads. Lc uuto to Spreadsheet up,iku uaup,ci ovo to 1o pad otn 0con (Pad X Loc = 0, Pad Y Loc = 0). Mc oiao kik oto acoio Pad 1 couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 25 kui uao to cvou aou uaup,ci caicvctui to Padstack c to tctpuvevo o,nu uao tu ouo aou o,coiuotnkuv. Mc occi kik auve oc cvu pad tou aupu0upou tou l,no:oc 24 caicvouc New kui couvi.ctui aui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 25. Eaicvouc to ovou aou 0u c,ci to pad, aoio Padstack 0u ,pnoioaoici kui oc aoiu 0con 0u toao0ctn0ci oc o,con c to 1o pad aou piokctui otn 0con (0,0). Oaec vivctui uvtinato uao to datasheet tou ccuptnutoc to 2o pad apcaci vu toao0ctn0ci 100 mils occiu tou 1ou, to 3o 200 mils occiu k.o.k. To 6o pad apcaci vu aci otn 0con (400, 600) mils kui apo,epevtuc apoc to 10o pad cievctui n ouvtctuvcvn X. H toao0ctnon tev pads apcaci vu vivctui apoocktiku viuti uvuocpctui otic ouoikcc oiuotuocic tou ccuptnutoc. Akou, n ovouoiu tev pads apcaci vu ouoevci c tnv ovouoiu tev pins oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu viuti unoo,cti.ovtui. Iiu aupuocivu to pin 3 tou o,nutikou oiuvpuutoc uvtiotoi,ci oto pad 3 tou footprint. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 30 uao 46 l,no 24 l,no 25 Mctu tnv toao0ctnon tev pads o,coiu.ctui cvu auioio vupe uao tu pads. To auioio o,coiu.ctui ouo oopcc c tov ccnc okoao. To apeto auioio opio0ctci to ouvoiko cvc0oc tou ccuptnutoc kui opi.ci to ,epo aou kutuuuvci otnv aukctu. Xpnoioaoicitui viu vu uaotpcaci tnv caikuuun ctucu tev ccuptnutev. To ocutcpo auioio o,coiu.ctui c to caiacoo SSTOP n SSBOT kui onioupvci iu cikovu otn ctucotuaiu viu tn ouoikn oiuotuon tou ccuptnutoc auve otnv aukctu. Anuon to cvu auioio ,pnoioaoicitui uao to apovpuu kui to ocutcpo ec oatikn uvuaupuotuon tou apetou kui ,pnoioaoicitui uao to o,coiuotn. H o,coiuon tou auioiou vivctui ec ccnc: Eaicvctui to kouai viu tnv cvcpvoaoinon tou Obstacle Tool kui otn ouvc,ciu cou oto uupo oovto tnc o,coiuonc kuvouc occi kik kui caicvouc New. Euvu c occi kik caicvouc Properties kui couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 26. Aivouc cvu ovou otn 0con Obstacle Name, otn 0con Obstacle Type caicvouc Place outline, otn 0con Width vpuoouc 1 kui otn 0con Obstacle Layer caicvouc Global Layer. Hutuc OK Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 31 uao 46 kui c upiotcpo kik oto uupo oovto up,i.ouc tn o,coiuon tou auioiou aou couvi.ctui ouv catn apuoivn vpun. H o,coiuon tou apcaci vu ukoou0ci tic ccetcpikcc oiuotuocic aou acpivpuoci o kutuokcuuotnc tou ccuptnutoc oto datasheet. Mc tov ioio tpoao o,coiu.ctui kui to ocutcpo auioio c tn oiuoopu oti caicvctui ouv Obstacle Type Free track, to au,oc tnc vpunc pu0i.ctui oc cvuutcpn tin kui otn 0con Obstacle Layer caicvouc SSTOP. Mc tov tccutuio tpoao aopouc vu o,coiuoouc otionaotc 0couc vu cktuae0ci otn ctucotuaiu vupe uao to ccuptnu. Lto ouvkckpicvo aupuocivu o,coiu.ctui to vpuonu tou upi0ou 8 aou o,nuti.ouv tu 7 tnutu tou display. l,no 26 Autn n oiuoikuoiu aopci vu ,pnoioaoin0ci oaotc civui uaupuitnto viu tn onioupviu cvoc footprint aou ocv uaup,ci oiu0coio oc kuaoiu iio0nkn. Hpcaci vu uvuocp0ci oti n caiovn tev footprints ku0ec kui n o,coiuon touc apcaci vu vivctui apooc,tiku, viuti u0n otu ovoutu tev pins n otic oiuotuocic ocv ouivovtui kutu tn oiupkciu tnc o,coiuonc, aupu ovo otuv kutuokcuuotci n aukctu, onioupvevtuc caiacov ccoou kui koao. Tciku to o,coio aou apokuatci civui uuto tou l,no:oc 27 aou auputi0ctui aupukute. Otuv o o,coiuotnc aci otn oiuoikuoiu vu o,coiuoci tu oiku tou footprints apcaci vu onioupvnoci ou oou 0u tou ,pciuotouv kui vu tu c,ci ctoiu uao0nkcucvu otic iio0nkcc tou. 1acitu apcaci Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 32 uao 46 vu caiotpcuci oto apovpuu Capture kui vu ouanpeoci on tn otnn tou Spreadsheet tou l,no:oc 14 c tu ovoutu tev ccuptnutev aou ouvkcvtpeoc n l,no 27 o,coiuoc o ioioc. Eauvuuuvouc oti ocv civui uao,pcetiko vu ouvkcvtpeoci ccuptnutu uao tic ucc iio0nkcc otn oikn tou, uu kuti tctoio apotcivctui viu cu,cpciu. Eaionc, ocv apcaci oc kuiu acpiateon o o,coiuotnc vu uaokoaci uao tic uaup,ouocc iio0nkcc viuti acpic,ouv aoutio uiko, apcaci oec vu u0ci vu tic ,cipi.ctui oto cvioto u0o tev ouvutotntev touc. 9. Zvroon tunmuvou kukKmuoto 1,ovtuc ctoio to o,nutiko oiuvpuu kui tic iio0nkcc c tu footprints cvncpecvcc, aopci o o,coiuotnc vu apo,epnoci otn uoaoinon tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. Eckivuc oiaov to apovpuu Layout kui caicvouc File New. Lto aupu0upo aou couvi.ctui autuc Cancel. Lto aupu0upo, l,no 28, aou couvi.ctui ocv cckivuc ucoec tnv o,coiuon, uvti0ctu up,iku 0u uo,on0ouc c tn onioupviu cvoc template aou 0u ,pnoioaoin0ci ouv uon, cve 0u acpic,ci kui occ tic pu0iocic tou apovpuutoc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 33 uao 46 l,no 28 Hpetu o,coiu.ouc cvu acpivpuu cou oto oaoio 0u toao0ctn0ouv tu ccuptnutu. O otuupoc aou ouivctui otnv veviu tou aivuku ovou.ctui Datum kui onutoootci tn ouvtctuvcvn (0,0) tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. Ltnv cikovu tnc o,coiuonc aopouc cukou vu kuvouc zoom c tu kouaiu I, O, C, tou anktpooviou. To acpivpuu to o,coiu.ouc c to cpvucio Obstacle, oaec ,pnoioaoin0nkc kui otn o,coiuon tev footprints, caicvovtuc ouv Obstacle Type: Board Outline kui ouv Obstacle Layer: Global Layer (l,no 29). Ltn vpun kutuotuonc oto kute cpoc tou aupu0upou, caouc tn 0con tou ociktn tou aovtikiou oc ouvtctuvcvcc ,iiootev tnc ivtouc (mils). Huputnpevtuc tic ouvtctuvcvcc tou ociktn aopouc vu pu0ioouc tic oiuotuocic tou acpivpuutoc. 1vu aupuocivu acpivpuutoc ouivctui oto l,no 30. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 34 uao 46 l,no 29 l,no 30 Oi oiukckocvcc vpucc opi.ouv to ,epo aou coupo.ctui to DRC (Design Rules Check), to oaoio ccv,ci uv tnpouvtui oi kuvovcc uaootuocev ctucu tev uvevev kui tev ccuptnutev kutu tnv toao0ctnon kui ctukivnon touc. Hpoc to aupov to uonvouc oaec civui. 1acitu uao to cvou Options System Settings pu0i.ouc to grid tou o,coiuotikou viu vu c,ouc tn cviotn cu,cpciu kivnonc. Toao0ctevtuc tnv tin 5 n 10 mils oc ou tu acoiu aou uoopouv to grid c,ouc upkctu catn kivnon tou ociktn. Tcoc caicvouc Options Global Spacing viu vu pu0ioouc tnv Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 35 uao 46 cu,iotn uaootuon tev ooikev otoi,ciev tnc aukctuc. Aao to aupu0upo aou apokuatci caicvouc ou tu caiacou kuvovtuc oiao kik oto acoio Layer Name kui otn ouvc,ciu oto aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 31 vpuoouc tic cai0untcc ticc. l,no 31 Ltn ouvkckpicvn o,coiuon uc cvoiuocpci n uaootuon ctucu tev uvevev kui ctucu tev uvevev kui tev pads. Ipuoouc tnv tin 5 n oaoiu civui upkctu ikpn, uu on0uci oto vu oicp,ovtui uvevoi uvucou uao tu pads tou toia. Tcoc pu0i.ouc to vcviko au,oc tev uvevev, autevtuc to kouai View Spreadsheet Nets. Lto Spreadsheet aou couvi.ctui caicvctui to net DEFAULT, oaotc couvi.ctui to aupu0upo tou l,no:oc 32. l,no 32 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 36 uao 46 Lto l,no 32 oivouc au,oc 20 mils c to cvioto vu nv ccacpvuci tu 50 mils kui autuc OK. Le.ouc to up,cio aou otiucuc ec tepu, c kutuncn .max kui kcivouc to aupu0upo tou o,coiou. Auto to up,cio aou otiucuc, oaec ciauc ocv civui to tuaecvo kukeu uu to template oto oaoio 0u uoiotci. 1acitu oto aupu0upo tou apovpuutoc Layout caicvouc cuvu File New kui oto aupu0upo oiuovou aou aupouoiu.ctui, oivouc tn oiuopon viu vu oopte0ci to up,cio template aou otiucuc apiv uao ivo. Yacv0ui.ouc oti c,ci kutuncn .max. Ltn ouvc,ciu to apovpuu .ntuci vu oeoouc tn oiuopon viu to netlist tnc o,coiuonc aou civui cvu up,cio c kutuncn .mnl. Aoou oo0ci kui uuto to up,cio, to apovpuu .ntuci vu oeoouc cvu ovou viu to up,cio aou 0u otiucouc otn ouvc,ciu. Mctu uao uuto up,i.ci n oopteon tev ccuptnutev. Iiu vu pc0ouv tu ccuptnutu aou uaup,ouv otnv iio0nkn aou cotiucc o o,coiuotnc ,epic aponu, 0u apcaci uutn vu civui otnv kopuon tnc iotuc tou cpvuciou Library Manager. Av aupou uutu aupouoiuotouv nvuutu viu oouutu, totc kutu auou ai0uvotntu to ccuptnu tou o,nutikou oiuvpuutoc ocv ouoevci c to footprint tou tuaecvou. Av viu aupuocivu cvu ccuptnu c,ci oiuoopctiko ovou oc kuaoio pin uao to ovou aou c,ci oto uvtiotoi,o pad tou footprint, totc uaup,ci uouoeviu kui uuvctui nvuu oouutoc. Auto to oouu oiop0evctui uvoivovtuc tn iio0nkn tou footprint kui uu.ovtuc to ovou tou pad eotc vu ouoevouv to ccuptnu tou o,nutikou kui to footprint. Aoou vivouv oi uaupuitntcc oiop0eocic cauvuuuvctui n oiuoikuoiu oopteonc tev up,ciev oaec acpivpuonkc aponvoucvec. Otuv ooknpe0ci c caitu,iu n oopteon tou netlist kui tev ccuptnutev oto apovpuu Layout n cikovu aou apokuatci civui uutn tou l,no:oc 33. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 37 uao 46 l,no 33 Lto l,no 33 ouivctui to auioio opio0ctnonc tou tuaecvou occiu, tu ccuptnutu utuktu toao0ctncvu kui to DRC box. Iiu vu aopcoouv vu toao0ctn0ouv tu ccuptnutu cou oto auioio apcaci vu uacvcpvoaoin0ci to DRC box autevtuc to kouai: 1acitu toao0ctouvtui tu ccuptnutu cou oto auioio opio0ctnonc. Tu ccuptnutu aopouv vu ctukivn0ouv uv civui caicvcvo to kouai: Avucou oc uutu uaup,ouv kitpivcc vpucc aou oci,vouv tu nets onuon tic ouvococic ctucu touc. Oi ouvococic uutcc on0ouv otnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev viuti aopci vu ouvci aoiu uao uutu unoouo,cti.ovtui, aoiu ouooaoiouvtui k.o.k. Eaionc toao0ctouc tu ccuptnutu c tctoio tpoao eotc tu nets vu oci,vouv ooo acpioootcpo ccacku vivctui. Bcuiu apcaci vu tnpouvtui auvtu kuaoioi kuvovcc oaec oti o kpuotuoc c touc aukvetcc tou apcaci vu civui ooo aio kovtu vivctui oto ikpoccvktn. Eaionc o uao.cuktikoc aukvetnc ctucu tpooooooiuc kui vcieonc apcaci vu civui ooo aio kovtu vivctui oto toia aou uaootnpi.ci. 1acitu uuvovtui uaoun citoupvikoi aupuvovtcc viu touc oaoiouc cvu ccuptnu apcaci vu aci oc iu 0con kui o,i oc kuaoiu un. Iiu aupuocivu uv tu ouo push buttons apcaci vu piokovtui kute uao tu 2 displays uucuvctui oc kuaoio u0o n ouokoiu opooovnonc tev uvevev. 1vuc tpoaoc toao0ctnonc tev footprints oto tuaecvo kukeu ouivctui oto l,no 34. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 38 uao 46 l,no 34 Otuv cvu footprint civui caicvcvo viu ctukivnon aopci vu acpiotpuoci (c to anktpo R) viu vu pc0ci oc oikn 0con. Kutu tn oiupkciu tnc toao0ctnonc apooc,ouc vu nv unokuuatovtui tu ccuptnutu viu vu ,epcoouv c to ouoiko touc cvc0oc cauve otnv aukctu. Yacv0ui.ctui oti oi ouoikcc oiuotuocic oiuvpuoovtui uao to acpivpuu tnc apuoivnc vpunc aou c,ci ku0c ccuptnu. Av ouo ccuptnutu tcvovtui oc uuto to acpivpuu otov ccv,o DRC 0u apokuuci oouu, cve oouu apokuatci caionc uv kuaoio uao tu ccuptnutu piokctui cce uao to auioio opio0ctnonc tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. To tuaecvo kukeu tepu civui ctoio viu tn o,coiuon tev uvevev. Oi uvevoi civui vpucc catcc aou c,ouv to ,peu tou caiacoou aou o,coiu.ouc. To caiacoo oto oaoio o,coiu.ouc caicvctui uao tn iotu aou ouivctui oto l,no 35. l,no 35 Lto ouvkckpicvo tuaecvo aopouc vu o,coiuoouc uvevouc oto TOP kui oto BOT caiacoo. Hupou uutu n ouvkckpicvn aukctu o,coiu.ctui kui oc cvu ovo Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 39 uao 46 caiacoo to oaoio caicvouc vu civui to TOP. 1,ovtuc caicvcvo cvu caiacoo kui autevtuc to anktpo - uuto vivctui Invisible. Autn tnv ioiotntu aopouc vu tn ,pnoioaoinoouc viu vu ku0upioouc tn o,coiuon uao otoi,ciu aou tn acpiackouv. 1toi c,ovtuc caicvcvo to caiacoo AST autuc to anktpo - eotc vu nv couvi.ovtui tu vpuutu aou couvi.ovtui oiau oto ku0c footprint. Ootooo tu vpuutu aou civui vpucvu oto uoapo caiacoo SST kui acpivpuoouv tu designators tev footprints ocv tu uouipouc uao tn o,coiuon. 1acitu caicvouc aui to TOP caiacoo. Lc uuto to oncio apcaci vu uvuocp0ci oti ku0c vpun aou ,upuooctui 0u vivci ,ukivoc uvevoc otn oiuoikuoiu tnc uao,ukeonc. Apu ocv apcaci vu oiuotuupevovtui ouo vpucc aou ocv uvtiapooeacuouv tnv ioiu ouvocon, viuti uuto ouvcauvctui tn onioupviu pu,ukukeutoc. Anuon coe ocv io,uci oti io,uci oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu aou cveon apokuatci c tnv apoo0nkn junction, uoou n ioiu n vpun uvuaupiotu tn ouoikn toao0ctnon ,ukou otn 0con tnc. H ,upucn tev uvevev vivctui c,ovtuc autncvo cvu uao tu kouaiu tnc vpunc cpvuciev. Eaionc kutu tn oiupkciu tnc ,upucnc uvevev aopouc vu c,ouc cvcpvoaoincvo tov ccv,o DRC. O ccv,oc uutoc coupo.ci oc runtime touc kuvovcc o,coiuonc cou oto auioio tev oiukckocvev vpuev, o,ctiku c tic uaootuocic tev uvevev ctucu touc kui tic uaootuocic tev uvevev uao tu pads. Luvkckpicvu o ccv,oc DRC ocv caitpcaci tn ,upuvcvn vpun vu anoiuoci aou otu pads, cve otuv vivctui oiuotuupeon c un vpun aou ocv uvnkci otnv ioiu ouvocon onioupvci uutoutu vcoupu oto kute caiacoo (BOT). Ltn ouvkckpicvn o,coiuon ocv 0couc vu toao0ctnoouc vcoupcc ku0ec civui ouvutov vu uoaoin0ci ovo c touc uvevouc tnc uao,ukeonc, oc cvu caiacoo. 1toi opovti.ouc vu tnpouc tic uaootuocic viu vu nv ctuuivouc oc uo caiacoo. Kuvovtuc kik auve oc cvu pad aopci vu ,upu,0ci cvuc uvevoc, cve n vpun tnc ouvoconc (net), oci,vci aou apcaci vu kutuncci. Oi vevicc kuunc tev uvevev apcaci vu civui ucicc kui o,i op0cc kui vcviku apcaci oi uvevoi vu c,ouv to ikpotcpo ouvuto nkoc. Mctu tnv ,upucn oev tev uvevev to tuaecvo kukeu c,ci tn opon tou l,no:oc 36. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 40 uao 46 l,no 36 Lncievctui oti n cikovu tou aupuauve o,nutoc ocv civui n ovuoikn aou aopci vu apokuuci uao tn o,coiuon tou tuaecvou kukeutoc. Icviku o o,coiuotnc apcaci vu ,pnoioaoinoci tnv apooeaikn tou kpion, cacipiu kui vveon viu vu o,coiu.ci oeotu kui uaoootiku. Tu 4 pads otic vevicc tnc aukctuc toao0ctouvtui viu vu aouv iocc otnpicnc. Autu ocv uanp,uv oto o,nutiko oiuvpuu, uu apootc0nkuv cou uao to apovpuu Layout. H toao0ctnon vcev ccuptnutev cou uao to apovpuu tou Layout vivctui ec ccnc: Eaicvctui to kouai (Component Tool), kui c occi kik oto uupo oovto caicvctui New, oaotc couvi.ctui to aupu0upo oiuovou tou l,no:oc 37. Ltn 0con Reference Designator vpuoouc cvu ovou, a.,. MH1(Mount Hole 1) kui autuc to kouai Footprint viu vu couviotci to aupu0upo c tic iio0nkcc. Aao tn iio0nkn LAYOUT caicvouc to ccuptnu MTHOLE1 cve uao tic caiovcc Component flags caicvouc vu civui Non-Electric kui vu nv caitpcaci tn opooovnon uvevou uao to oeu tou (Route Enabled n caicvcvo). Hutuc OK kui to vco ccuptnu civui ctoio vu toao0ctn0ci otn o,coiuon. Kuvovtuc Copy aopci cukou vu onioupvn0ci uvtivpuoo tou ccuptnutoc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 41 uao 46 l,no 37 Lto l,no 36 caouc tnv tcikn cikovu tou tuaecvou otnv oaoiu apuvutoaoiouc touc tccutuiouc oatikouc ccv,ouc oto viu tu,ov u0n n aupunucic. H caocvn ouon tnc o,coiuonc tou tuaecvou acpiuuvci tnv cktuaeon tou i,vouc tev uvevev kui tev pads oc cvu up,cio aou 0u caitpcaci tn onioupviu film. To film aou 0u onioupvn0ci 0couc vu c,ci uaokciotiku touc uvevouc kui tu pads kui o,i tu acpivpuutu tev ccuptnutev n tu kcicvu tev designators. Mc tn ,pnon tou film vivctui otn ouvc,ciu n uaotuaeon tou kukeutoc auve otnv aukctu otnv caiouvciu tou ,ukou. Iiu vu aopcoouc uonoouc oputu ovo tu pads kui touc uvevouc kuvouc invisible tu caiacou Global Layer, GND, PWR, SST,kui DRD oaotc caouc tnv cikovu tou l,no:oc 38. Autn n cikovu aopci vu cktuae0ci uacu0ciuc oc kuaoio cktuaetn ouvoccvo otov uaooviotn uc oc uvuoviu 1:1 viu vu oiutnpn0ouv oi ouoikcc oiuotuocic tev ccuptnutev kui vu aopouv uutu vu toao0ctn0ouv otnv aukctu. H oiuoikuoiu civui uan, coe tou cvou File Print/Plot Ltnv cikovu aou apouctui (l,no 39) tockupovtui oi caiovcc Keep Drill Holes Open, Force Black & White autuc OK kui caicvctui o cktuaetnc. Lkoaoc uc oec civui uutn n cikovu vu cktuae0ci oc cvu up,cio PDF eotc vu civui ctuocpoio oc uo uaooviotn aou ocv oiu0ctci to apovpuu OrCAD. Tu up,ciu PDF oaec civui vveoto oiuu.ovtui c to apovpuu Acrobat Reader. H onioupviu touc oec uauitci to apovpuu Acrobat aou civui caopiko apoov tnc ctuipciuc Adobe. Luvkckpicvu apotiutui n ckooon 4.0 tou Acrobat. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 42 uao 46 l,no 38 H oiuoikuoiu civui aupooiu c uutn tnc ouvn0iocvnc cktuaeonc, ovo aou oto l,no 39 tockupctui n caiovn Print/Plot To File kui otn 0con File Name oivouc to ovou tou up,ciou c kutuncn .ps Hutuc OK uu otn ouvc,ciu ocv caicvouc tov cktuaetn, uvti uutou caicvouc to Acrobat Distiller. Mc uuto tov tpoao onioupvcitui cvu Postscript up,cio aou toao0ctcitui oto oukco aou c,ci otiu,tci viu tn o,coiuon. Mc tn ,pnon tou Windows Explorer piokouc to up,cio aou aupuvctui kui c oiao kik oc uuto, to apovpuu Acrobat Distiller uvuuuvci vu to ctutpcuci oc up,cio PDF, oaotc to uvoivouc viu vu to oouc c to apovpuu Acrobat n Acrobat Reader. l,no 39 Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 43 uao 46 Av n aukctu aou otiu,vouc civui 2 caiacoev totc vivctui iu ukon cktuaeon c,ovtuc oputo ovo to kute (BOT) caiacoo viu vu kutuokcuuotci to film tnc kute acupuc. Eaionc ,pnoin aopci vu ouvci kui iu cktuaeon tou caiacoou Silkscreen (SST), aou oci,vci tov tpoao toao0ctnonc tev ccuptnutev otnv aukctu viu vu uaoocu,0ouv oouutu. 10. Kotookrun nKokto To o,coio tou tuaecvou kukeutoc tou OrCAD ,pnoioaoicitui viu tnv tcikn kutuokcun tnc aukctuc. Lc uuto to kcouuio acpivpuoovtui tu nutu aou uauitouvtui c,pi vu ctoiuotci n aukctu viu tnv toao0ctnon kui konon tev ccuptnutev. H aukctu aou oiuti0ctui oto caopio uaotccitui uao tnv auotikn caiouvciu (caociko uiko, aoucotcpuc), tnv caiouvciu tou ,ukou, iu catn otpeon oetocuuio0ntou uikou, cvu okoupo,peo uutokonto koncvo uao tnv acupu tou oetocuuio0ntou uikou viu vu to apootutcuci uao to oec. O ccoaiooc aou uauitcitui civui iu uau uacpieoouc uktivooiuc, ,epoi ,pnonc ,nikev oiuuutev (ckuvcc), auotiku vuvtiu apootuoiuc, tpuauvi c took viu catcc utcc (0,3mm 1,5mm) kui ouvcpvu kui uiku kononc tev ccuptnutev. Avueoiu aou ,pciu.ovtui kutu tn oiupkciu tnc uao,ukeonc civui ocotcia, uuki, oivoavcuu, kuuotiko vutpio (NaOH) kui tpi,epiou,oc oionpoc. H oiuoikuoiu up,i.ci c tnv cktuaeon tou o,coiou oc iu oiuouvn n nioiuouvn caiouvciu. Maopci vu ,pnoioaoin0ci oiuouvciu aupouoiuocev n pi.o,upto. O cktuaetnc apcaci vu c,ci aou kun ikuvotntu cktuaeonc (apotiutui Laser) n oivouc tnv cktuaeon oc kuaoio ccetcpiko ouvcpvutn. Av ,pnoioaoinoouc cktuaetn, tov pu0i.ouc vu aupc,ci tn cviotn aoiotntu, viu vu vivouv ooo vivctui aio ouauvcic oi vpucc ,epic kcvu n ukiocc. Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 44 uao 46 Ltn ouvc,ciu koctui uao tnv aukctu cvu kouti oc cvc0oc ooo civui kui to acpivpuu tou tuaecvou, cve oto ioio cvc0oc kui ivo cvuutcpo koctui kui n tuaecvn oiuouvnc caiouvciu. Aouipcitui uao tnv aukctu to apootutcutiko uutokonto oc ,epo c acpiopiocvo oec kui koictui n oiuouvnc caiouvciu auve otnv aukctu uao tnv acupu tou ,ukou, c ocotcia. Hpooo,n ,pciu.ctui eotc to ocotcia vu nv kuuuci cpoc tou kukeutoc viuti onioupvci okiuocic. Hpooo,n ,pciu.ctui caionc kui n acupu aou 0u civui vupiocvn n oiuouvnc caiouvciu viuti uiec 0u couviotci uvtikutoatpiocvn. Aoou c,ci kon0ci n oiuouvn caiouvciu otnv aukctu, ocipu c,ci n oetovpuonon. Toao0ctcitui n aukctu kute uao tn uacpieon uau c tnv koncvn caiouvciu apoc to oec. Auto aou vivctui ouoiuotiku civui vu kuci on n oetocuuio0ntn otpeon auve uao to ,uko oaou to oec acotci uacu0ciuc, cve ocv kuivctui kute uao tic okoupcc vpucc kui tu pads aou civui o,coiuocvu otn oiuouvn caiouvciu. O ,povoc ck0conc otnv uacpieon uktivooiu oiuocpci uvuovu c to uv civui oiuouvnc n nioiuouvnc n cktuaeon, tnv io,u tnc uauc, uv civui ku0upn uacpieonc n mixed light k.u. Icviku apcaci vu vivouv ookicc viu vu ku0opiotci uutoc o ,povoc kui uao ckci kui acpu vu tnpcitui. Mikpn ,povikn oiupkciu ocv 0u oetovpuoioci anpec to kukeu otnv aukctu, cve cvun ,povikn oiupkciu uonvci to oec vu oicioouoci cou uao tn okoupu acpio,n tnc cktuaeonc. Oi ouo acpiateocic ocv onioupvouv tic apoao0cocic viu oeoto kukeu. Hpooo/: To uacpieocc oec civui ucpo viu tu utiu kui ocv apcaci vu koitu.ctui uacu0ciuc. 1acitu uouipcitui n oiuouvn caiouvciu viu vu vivci n couvion tnc oetovpuononc. H aukctu toao0ctcitui cou oc oiuuu kuuotikou vutpiou kui ckci uouipcitui n kucvn oetocuuio0ntn otpeon c cuopu tpiuio, couvi.ovtuc ku0upo ,uko uao kute. Tu tnutu tnc oetocuuio0ntnc otpeonc aou ocv np0uv oc cauon c to oec aupucvouv u0iktu auve otnv aukctu kui apootutcuouv to ,uko. Lcipu c,ci n occioeon tou ,ukou. Lc uutn tn oiuoikuoiu o n apootutcucvoc ,ukoc occioevctui c kuaoio occioetiko coo kui uouipcitui uao tnv aukctu, oaotc uaocvci oc uutn to kukeu o,coiuocvo c vpucc ,ukou. O tpi,epiou,oc oionpoc c,ci uutn tnv ioiotntu occioeonc, civui oec naio occioetiko Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 45 uao 46 kui uauitci ,povo c,pi vu ooknpe0ci. 1vu ivu uopo,epikou occoc c perydrol uaotcci aio io,upo occioetiko aou caitu,uvci tn oiuoikuoiu, uu uauitci cvuutcpn apooo,n oto ,cipioo. Kutu tn oiupkciu tnc occioeonc apcaci vu uvuocuctui ouvc,ec to oiuuu viu vu vivctui uutn ooioopou. Mc,pi kui uutn tn ouon tnc kutuokcunc on n oiuoikuoiu apcaci vu vivctui oc ,epo c acpiopiocvo oec acpiuovtoc viu vu n o0cipctui n oetocuuio0ntn otpeon. Tcoc apcaci vu uouipc0ci n oetocuuio0ntn otpeon uao touc uvevouc viu vu nv caooi.ci tn onioupviu konocev. Auto caituv,uvctui cukou tpiovtuc kuu tnv aukctu c oivoavcuu. Lc uuto to oncio apouipctiku aopci vu vivci caikuooitcpeon tnc aukctuc viu vu apootutcuovtui oi uvevoi uao tnv occioeon tou acpiuovtoc. H oiuoikuoiu uutn vivctui uau c kontnpi kui kuooitcpo, apooc,ovtuc vu nv u.cuctui kuooitcpoc otic vevicc kui otu pads. Eaionc ocv caicvouc aou oto ioio oncio viuti aopci vu cckonoci o ,ukoc uao tnv aukctu. Mctu tnv caikuooitcpeon ukoou0ci to tpuanu tnc aukctuc. 4povti.ouc vu ,pnoioaoiouc tic oeotcc oiuotuocic otic utcc viu vu aopouv vu oicp,ovtui tu pins uao tu ccuptnutu. Mcvuutcpcc uao to uauitoucvo tpuacc onioupvouv kcvu uvucou otu pins kui otu pads cievovtuc tnv cuotu0ciu tev ccuptnutev kui onioupvevtuc apoao0cocic viu uu,pcc konocic. H aukctu civui acov ctoin viu tnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev. Tu ccuptnutu toao0ctouvtui ooo aio kovtu vivctui otnv aukctu, cve uv civui uaupuitnto, tu pins tu uvi.ouc c,pi cvu oncio. Ap,iku toao0ctouvtui tu ikpu, kovtu kui ouokuatu uiku otnv aukctu. Oi konocic apcaci vu civui apoocktikcc, c tnv uaupuitntn aoootntu kuooitcpou viu vu onioupvn0ci cvuc kevoc uao to pad tnc aukctuc apoc to pin tou ccuptnutoc. On n oiuoikuoiu aou acpivpuonkc oc uuto to kcouuio uoopu otnv kutuokcun aukctuc c cpvuotnpiuko ccoaioo, viu vu onioupvn0ouv ookiuotiku apetotuau. H u.ikn aupuvevn c uuto tov tpoao civui uouoopn kui ,povoopu. Eaionc n cpvuotnpiukn kutuokcun ocv c,ci o,coiuocvo to caiacoo Silkscreen viu Lncieocic CAD Hcktpovikn kutuokcun, Lciou 46 uao 46 tnv toao0ctnon tev ccuptnutev, cve ciaci kui n apootutcutikn apuoivn caiouvciu Solder Mask. Av civui cai0untn tctoiou cioouc aukctu aopci vu oo0ci to o,coio oc ccetcpiko kutuokcuuotn. Eaionc n oiuoikuoiu viu tnv onioupviu aukctuc oianc ounc acpiuuvci tu ioiu nutu, ovo aou vivctui ouo oopcc n oetovpuonon, iu viu ku0c oun. Aauitcitui apooo,n oto kcvtpupiou tev ouo oiuouvev caiouvciev viu vu ouacoouv tu pads kui tu via otic ouo oucic tnc aukctuc.