COUNTRY PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK FOR ... COUNTRY PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK FOR MYANMAR FOR THE PERIOD...

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  • COUNTRY PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK FOR

    MYANMAR

    FOR THE PERIOD FY20–FY23

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  • COUNTRY PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK FOR

    MYANMAR FOR THE PERIOD FY20–FY23

    Report Number 147607-MM

    South East Asia Country Management Unit East Asia and Pacific Region

    International Development Association International Finance Corporation

    Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

  • CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS (Exchange Rate Effective as of March 31, 2020)

    Currency Unit = Myanmar Kyat (MMK) MMK 1385 = US$1

    GOVERNMENT FISCAL YEAR [October 1 – September 30]

    IDA IFC MIGA

    Vice President: Victoria Kwakwa Nena Stoiljkovic Hiroshi Matano

    Director: Mariam Sherman Vivek Pathak Merli Baroudi

    Country Manager/ Task Team Leader:

    Bronwyn Grieve, Gevorg Sargysan, Carla Pittalis

    Ashani Chanuka Alles, John Nasir

    Eugeniu Croitor

    Copyright © 2020 The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433, USA Telephone: 202-473-1000 Internet: www.worldbank.org

    This volume is a product of the staff of The World Bank Group. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the views of the Executive Directors of The World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved.

    Attribution Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2020. Country Partnership Framework for Myanmar FY20-FY23: Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group.

    Rights and Permissions The material in this publication is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portions or all of this work without permission may be a violation of applicable law. The World Bank Group encourages dissemination of its work and will normally grant permission to reproduce portions of the work promptly.

    Any queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank. 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433, USA Fax: 202-522-2422 E-mail: [email protected]

    Cover design: Kaung Myat Htoo

    ii

  • Abbreviations & Acronyms AA Arakan Army

    ADB Asian Development Bank

    ADSP Agricultural Development Support Project

    AIRBMP Ayeyarwady Integrated River Basin Management Project

    ASA Advisory Services and Analytics

    ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

    OCEM Country Economic Memorandum

    CCD Community-driven Development

    CERC Contingency Emergency Response Component

    CERIP Contingent Emergency Response Implementation Plan

    CGAP Country Gender Action Plan

    CLR Completion and Learning Review

    CMU Country Management Unit

    CNT Contract Negotiations Team

    CPG Cooperation Partners Group

    CPF Country Partnership Framework

    CPSD Country Private Sector Diagnostic

    CRW Crisis Response Window

    CSO Central Statistics Office

    DACU Development Assistance Coordination Unit

    DAP Development Assistance Policy

    DFAT Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

    DHS Demographic and Health Survey

    DLI Disbursement-linked indicator

    DP Development Partner

    DPO Development Policy Operation

    EAO Ethnic Armed Organization

    EEP Electric Power Project

    EGRA Early Grade Reading Assessment

    EICP Enhancing Institutional Capacity of State and Region Governments in Myanmar Project

    EITI Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    EHSAP Essential Health Services Access Project

    ESF Environmental and Social Framework

    ESMAP Energy Sector Management Assistance Program

    ESP Ethnic Service Provider

    EU European Union

    FCV Fragility, Conflict, and Violence

    FDI Foreign Direct Investment

    FESR Framework for Economic and Social Reform

    FM Financial Management

    FSDP Financial Sector Development Project

    FSMP Financial Sector Master Plan

    GAD General Administration Department

    GDP Gross Domestic Product

    GEF Global Environmental Facility

    GoM Government of Myanmar

    GPE Global Partnership for Education

    GNI Gross National Income

    HCI Human Capital Index

    HMIS Health Management Information System

    IAQEP Inclusive Access and Quality Education Project

    ICJ International Court of Justice

    ICOE Independent Commission of Enquiry

    ICT Information and Communication Technology

    IDP Internally Displaced Person

    IFC International Finance Corporation

    IFR Interim Financial Report

    IMF International Monetary Fund

    IPF Investment Project Financing

    IPL Inclusion and Peace Lens

    IPSAS International Public Sector Accounting Standards

    iii

  • COUNTRY PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK FOR MYANMAR FOR THE PERIOD FY20–FY23

    IRM Immediate Response Mechanism

    ISN Interim Strategy Note

    ISR Implementation Status and Results Report

    JCPR Joint Country Portfolio Review

    JET Jobs and Economic Transformation

    JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency

    JIP Joint Implementation Plan

    KfW Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau

    MDI Multidimensional Disadvantage Index

    MDTF Multi-Donor Trust Fund

    MFD Mobilizing Finance for Development

    MFI Microfinance Institution

    MIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

    MoALI Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation

    MOHS Ministry of Health and Sports

    MONREC Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation

    MOPFI Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry

    MSDP Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan

    MPT Myanmar Posts and Telecommunications

    MTR Midterm Review

    NCA National Ceasefire Agreement

    NCDDP National Community-driven Development Project

    NDC Nationally Determined Contributions

    NEP National Electrification Project

    NFASP National Food and Agriculture Systems Project

    NGO Nongovernmental Organization

    NLD National League for Democracy

    PASA Programmatic Advisory Services and Analytics

    PEFA Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability

    PER Public Expenditure Review

    PFM Public Financial Management

    PLR Performance and Learning Review

    PMI Purchasing Manager Index

    PMU Project Management Unit

    PPCP Peaceful and Prosperous Communities Project

    PPP Public-Private Partnership

    PSW Private Sector Window

    RAC Advisory Commission for Rakhine State

    RF Results Framework

    RRA Risk and Resilience Assessment

    RRDP Rakhine Recovery and Development Project

    RSW Regional Sub-window for Refugees and Host Communities

    SEA DRM Southeast Asia Disaster Risk Mitigation

    SEADRIF Southeast Asia Disaster Risk Insurance Facility

    SCD Systematic Country Diagnostic

    SEE State Economic Enterprise

    SHS Solar Home System

    SMEs Small and Medium Enterprises

    SOB State-owned Bank

    SOE State-owned Enterprise

    SORT Systematic Operations Risk-Rating Tool

    TA Technical Assistance

    UHC Universal Health Coverage

    UN United Nations

    UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    UNOPS United Nations Office for Project Services

    WBG World Bank Group

    WHO World Health Organization

    WTO World Trade Organization

    YCDC Yangon City Development Committee

    iv

  • Contents

    I INTRODUCTION 1

    II COUNTRY CONTEXT AND DEVELOPMENT AGENDA 7 Social and Political Context 8

    Recent Economic Developments and Outlook 12

    Poverty and Shared Prosperity 14

    Main Development Challenges 15

    III WORLD BANK GROUP PARTNERSHIP FRAMEWORK 21 Government Program and Medium-term Strategy 22

    Proposed WBG Country Partnership Framework 22

    A. Lessons from CPF Completion and Learning Review and Stakeholder Consultations 22

    B. Overview of the World Bank Group Strategy 23

    C. Criteria for Selectivity 26

    Focus Areas and Objectives supported by the WBG Program 31

    Implementing the CPF 44

    IV MANAGING RISKS TO THE CPF PROGRAM 51

    ANNEXES 57 Annex 1: CPF Results Matrix 58

    Annex 2: Myanmar Country Partnership Framework FY15–19 Completion and 72

    Learning Review

    Annex 3: Selected Indicators of Bank Portfolio Performance and Management 122

    Annex 4: Operations Portfolio (IBRD/IDA and Grants) 123

    Annex 5: Statement of IFC’s Held and Disbursed Portfolio 125

    Annex 6: MIGA’s Guarantee Portfolio 127

    Annex 7: Donor Coordination Matrix 128

    Annex 8: Myanmar Cou