Transparantie vlor 28 november 2011 b

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  • 1.Transparantie: de schakeltussen institutionele autonomieen publieke verantwoordingDirk Van DammeHoofd van het Centre for EducationalResearch and Innovation - OECD

2. 1.EEN HO-KWALIFICATIE HEEFTEEN HOGE WAARDE2 3. 4060 80100120140160180 200220 240260 Brazil HungaryUnited StatesCzech Republic PortugalSlovak RepublicPoland Luxembourg IsraelAustria CanadaFrance ItalyGermanyFinland KoreaOECD averageIrelandprogrammesTurkey BelgiumUnited Kingdom NetherlandsTertiary-type B educationSwitzerland SpainBelow upper secondary education SwedenAustraliaTertiary-type A and advanced research JapanHigher education qualifications and earningsDenmarkNew Zealand3 Norway 4. Higher education qualifications and unemployment riskIceland Spain Ireland Italy Turkey Switzerland Czech RepublicNew ZealandHungary Israel United KingdomFranceAustralia NetherlandsOECD averageBelow upper secondary educationAustria Tertiary education Finland CanadaPoland NorwayDenmarkSlovenia Sweden Greece Belgium Estonia Germany Slovak RepublicPortugal(10.00) (5.00) - 5.00 10.00 15.0020.0025.004 5. Higher education qualifications and social outcomesHealthPolitical interest Czech Republic Portugal Denmark Hungary Slovenia Korea Slovak Republic Finland Italy Switzerland Belgium OECD average Turkey Poland Canada From upper secondaryUnited States to tertiary France Netherlands Greece From below upperIsrael secondary to upperUnited Kingdom secondary Spain Norway New Zealand Austria Estonia Ireland Sweden4030 2010 10 2030 40 0 05 6. 2.EN HO INTERNATIONALISEERTSTEEDS VERDER6 7. Aantal internationale studenten Number of foreign students4 000 000 Worldwide OECDG20 countriesEurope North America3 500 0003 000 0002 500 0002 000 0001 500 0001 000 000 500 000 02000 20012002 2003 20042005 2006200720082009 YearsSource: OECD and UNESCO Institute for Statistics for most data on non-OECD countries. Table C3.5.See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011). 7 8. Trends in internationale studentenaantallen (2000, 2009) Percentage of all foreign tertiary students enrolled, by destinationOECD2000Other G20 and non-2009countries 2009OECD countries2000 Market share25 (%)201510 5 0 France Spain Belgium Other G20 and non-OECD China Switzerland SwedenAustraliaCanada Italy Germany Korea NetherlandsAustria United StatesOther OECDRussian Federation Japan South AfricaUnited Kingdom New Zealand 1. Data relate to international students defined on the basis of their country of residence. 2. Year of reference 2008. Countries are ranked in descending order of 2009 market shares. Source: OECD and UNESCO Institute for Statistics for most data on non-OECD countries. Table C3.6, available on line. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011).8 9. Internationalisering en innovatie9 10. Wetenschappelijke publicaties en co-authoring 1998-2008 1998 2008SwedenSweden Poland Belgium France PolandBelgium FranceRussian Federation Russian ItalyFederation. Italy Netherlands NetherlandsSwitzerlandSwitzerland Germany Spain GermanySpain Japan JapanKoreaKorea United Kingdom United Kingdom United States United States ChinaCanadaCanada China AustraliaAustraliaBrazil BrazilIndia India10 11. 0246810 1214 16% United States48.8 United Kingdom Germany FranceCanadaChinaItalyNetherlandsJapan Australia Single author SwitzerlandSpainSwedenBelgium DenmarkKorea Austria India Finland International co-authorshipBrazilNorwayRussian Federation Poland Turkey Ireland Greece New Zealand Domestic co-authorshipPortugal Czech RepublicHungary Mexico Iceland Slovak Republic Highly cited (top 1%) scientific articles by type of collaboration, 2006-08Luxembourg International onderzoekssamenwerking11 12. 3.ALLES VAN WAARDE IS WEERLOOSTRANSPARANTIE EN VERTROUWEN 12 13. De waarde van kwalificatiesInter-quartile range in skill distribution by educational qualificationSkill score350300250200150Upper secondary Upper secondaryUpper secondaryUniversity UniversityUniversityNot completed school Not completed schoolNot completed school Country ACountry BCountry C 13 14. Reputatie in onderzoek Citations Research in THEWUR2010605040302010 0-10-20-30C-R 20 per. Mov. Avg. (C-R) Linear (C-R)-40 14 15. Reputatie in onderzoekCitations Research in THEWUR2010North America Europe606050504040303020201010 0 0-10 -10-20 -20-30 -30-40 -40 15 16. 4.RISICOS VAN GEBREK AANTRANSPARANTIE16 17. Risicos In een omgeving waar de primary outputs eenhoge waarde hebben maar waar geen of weinigtransparantie bestaat over hoe die waarde totstand komt, ontstaan: Erg competitieve quasi-markets gebaseerd opreputatie (cf. financile markten) Hoge mate van asymmetrische en dus ongelijkverdeelde informatie Verminderende capaciteit tot innovatie door riskavoidance Mission overload en gebrek aan focus bijinstellingen17 18. Risicos Overheidsgestuurde gelijkheid zonderevidence-based transparantie inzake diversiteit Illusie dat elke instelling gelijk is ongelijkheidis ongelijke dingen gelijk behandelen Inherent conservatisme: resistance to know =resistance to change Markt creert eigen transparantie: rankings18 19. 5.TRANSPARANTIE ENGOVERNANCE IN HO 19 20. Governance Veranderingen in governance Toenemende autonomie instellingen, gekoppeldaan accreditatie/kwaliteitszorg en outputsturing In licht van kenniseconomie, belang vanonderzoek en innovatie, internationaliseringzoeken overheden opnieuw naar sterkere sturingvan hoger onderwijs Consequenties: Sterkere accountability Sterkere klemtoon of efficiency 20 21. Governance Instellingen kunnen autonomie in een sterkeregovernance-omgeving maar veilig stellen doorsterker in te zetten op Diversiteit in doelstellingen Efficintie en effectiviteit in bereiken vandoelstellingen Interne transparantie Maar ook externe, systemische transparantie 21 22. Dank voor uwaandacht !dirk.vandamme@oecd.org www.oecd.org/edu/ceri 22