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Transcript of Teambuilding 100804083434-phpapp01
Team Building: A Leadership Strategy
Individual commitment to a group effort is what makes a team workVince Lombardi
Teams vs. GroupsWhat are the differences between teams & groups?
Twelve tips for successful team building:
Clear expectationsContextCommitmentCompetenceCharterControlCollaborationCommunicationCreative InnovationConsequencesCoordinationCultural Change
Principles of Teamwork Benefits of Teamwork
Characteristics of the Best Team Leaders
Characteristics of Great Team Members
Characteristics of Effective Teams
What are theBenefits of Teamwork?How can it aid in decision making?How does it affect communication?What are the benefits to members?What are the benefits to organizations?
Characteristics of theBest Team LeadersWhat skills do they have?
What traits do they exhibit?
How do they communicate?
What motivates them?
Characteristics ofGreat Team MembersWhat makes individual members a valuable part of the team?How do they communicate?How do they participate?Whats their attitude?Whats their motivation?
Characteristics ofEffective TeamsWhat is the atmosphere like?How does the work get done?What is communication like?How are decisions made?Where is the focus?
Qualities of a TeamMembers care for one another
Members know what is important
Members communicate with one another
Members grow together
There is a team fit
Qualities of a TeamMembers place individual rights beneath the best interest of the team Each team member plays a special roleTeam has enough members to share the workMembers know exactly where the team standsMembers are willing to pay the price
Achieving a common purpose through collaboration with others is a unique work experience. Individuals working effectively together for a common purpose create a force: a power to perform.
Defining Team Work
Team-building BasicsWhat is team-building?About teamsAbout team ability
Why do it?Teams are here to stayThe more team able, the better the library
I will start this with a story: Shakleton Expedition
Team-building BasicsHow to do it?Know the teamKnow what the team must doCondition the team for the work
What It Means to be Team Able
Team Members Should... Work well with othersOn a level playing fieldContribute knowledge and expertiseThe right amountBe patient with the processCcompassionate, good humor
When Is A Group A Team?Common purpose: a visionStructureEnables team to perform effectivelyUses the talents of all its membersFinishes the game together
How To Build a Team?Know the individualsSkills and abilitiesStrengths, weaknesses, blind spotsKnow what the team needs to doMatch talents to team purposeTry it; course correctCondition the team for the workCoach individuals and the teamMonitor team conditions
Nurturing Team AbilityBelieve in the teamBe honest with the teamBe who you are equally to everyoneInspire the team
Basic Team-building SkillsDevelop a realistic assignmentMatch up team talentProvide effective leadershipSecure adequate resourcesCoach individuals and the team
Summing Up Team-building Team ability = apex of performanceTeams exist for a purposeTeams end but team ability carries on
The 2X2: A Multipurpose Tool2 X 2
Johari windowSocial sciencesApplicationsCoachingTeam-buildingOther
Two-By-Two For Sams Work Unit
Summing Up Excellence in Supervision...
Provide a vision and clarify expectations
Reinforce beneficial behaviors
Confront inappropriate behaviors
Interact purposefully, consistently, and predictably
Integrate coaching and team-building
will illustrate with examples
How do Teams Work Best?Teams succeed when members have:Commitment to common objectives;Defined roles and responsibilities;Effective decision systems, communication and work procedures; and,Good personal relationships.
According to Bob Mendonsa and Associates web page http://www. trainingplus.com on Team building : Team Building is a process and not an event. Team Building is about both willingness and ability. Sometimes teams problems occur because team members lack important skills. Sometimes there are trust issues. Team Building must address individual and group issues. People do not disappear when they choose to belong to a group. Any team building effort must address the strengths and development needs of individual team members that impact the group as a whole.
Of course the corollary is true and groups or teams fail when they:Think differentlyHave poor leadershipHave communications difficultiesHave competition between members
Stages in Team BuildingFormingStormingNormingPerforming
As the team matures, members gradually learn to cope with each other and the pressures that they face. As a result, the team goes through the fairly predictable stages noted on the slide.
FORMINGTeam Building Define teamDetermine individual rolesDevelop trust and communicationDevelop normsTaskDefine problem and strategyIdentify information needed
To help the students adapt to their team, it might be wise to have them to simple activities to build trust and establish communication between the members. However, in the context of the computational science project many of the forming actions are undertaken as the team determines what their project topic will be and narrows the focus to reach their project goal. Teachers can help students as they "form" their teams by making sure that they understand the process they will go through to get their topic.
You may want to include some activities to illustrate trust and/or communication skills in a team.
Team Roles - LeaderEncourage and maintain open communication.Help the team develop and follow team norms.Help the team focus on the task.Deal constructively with conflict.
Team Roles - Recorder
Keep a record of team meetings.
Maintain a record of team assignments
Maintain a record of the team's work.
Team Roles PR PersonContact resource people outside of the team.
Correspond with the team's mentor.
Work to maintain good communication among team members.
How do we support each other?
What do we do when we have problems?
What are my responsibilities to the team?
STORMINGDuring the Storming stage team members:Realize that the task is more difficult than they imagined;Have fluctuations in attitude about chances of success; May be resistant to the task &Have poor collaboration.
This is probably the most difficult stage for the team. They may be floundering trying to find a project topic that is narrow enough to study or a mentor to help them. They begin to realize that this project is different than other ones that they have done in the past. Teachers can help students through this stage by encouraging members to use their individual skills and assume more responsibilities.
Understanding how personality types interact can ease some of the tensions in the storming stage.
Storming Diagnosis Do we have common goals and objectives?Do we agree on roles and responsibilities? Do our task, communication, and decision systems work?Do we have adequate interpersonal skills?
As a teacher, you can help your students when they are in the storming stage, by focusing their attention on the questions above. The students may want to answer the first question both in general terms and more specifically, in conjunction with their project goals.
Separate problem issues from people issues.Be soft on people, hard on problem.Look for underlying needs, goals of each party rather than specific solutions.
See The Team Book by Peter R. Scholtes, Brian L. Joiner and Barbara Streibel for more background on the various ways people or teams deal with conflict .Avoiding Conflict you must avoid both the issues likely to lead to conflict and the people with whom you are likely to conflict withSmooth the conflict minimizing conflict so that group relationships arent strained. Forcing the conflict attempts to overpower others and force them to accept your position. Compromising tries to get others to give up some of what they want in exchange for giving up some of what you want. Sounds good, but this can be lose-lose strategy because no one achieves their goals. Underlying assumption: everyone should accept less than they want because that is the best that they can hope for. (Should be tried after problem solving hasnt worked)Problem Solving Win-win approach. Personal goals and group relationships are highly valued. Purpose to find a path forward that meets everyones goals and preserves group relationships. Continued on next slide
Addressing the ProblemState your views in clear non-judgmental language.Clarify the core issues. Listen carefully to each persons point of view.Check understanding by restating the core issues.
Problem solving includes strategies aimed at taking diverse viewpoints into account, clarifying the issues, clearing the air constructively and enabling everyone to move forward together. You can clarify core issues by sorting out areas of agreement from areas of disagreementWhen listening to each persons point of view
Accept that they believe/want this even if you dont!! Look for the reasons (maybe something would be good for both)
NORMINGDuring this stage members accept