Oer cooperativism

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Transcript of Oer cooperativism

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OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE IICOOPERATIVISM IN SPAIN & RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION

OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE IIPART ICOOPERATIVISM IN SPAIN

Cooperativism in SpainThe cooperative phenomenonHistorical evolutionPractical analysis: Mondragon

The cooperative phenomenonaffected by economic, political and social issuessecond half of the 19th century1932 592 cooperatives were created

The cooperative phenomenonearly history guilds of merchants and craftsmenuntil 1936 agricultural sectorAgricultural unions in Spain:

Evolution of the number of cooperatives created in Spain (1949-2008)

Evolution of the number of cooperatives created in Spain (1949-2008)

Evolution of the number of cooperatives created in Spain (1949-2008)

Evolution of the number of cooperatives created in Spain (1949-2008)

After 1975:economic crisis (73) workers seek their own solution to the problem of employmentthe 90's wide expansion of created cooperatives because of the economic recession

Evolution of the number of cooperatives created in Spain (1949-2008)

from 1995 economic growth continued decrease in the creation of cooperatives

Por tanto podemos concluir que el sector cooperativo en Espaa cuenta con una amplia tradicin. En sus primeros aos, bas su desarrollo en las cooperativas agrarias. Sin embargo, tras la llegada de la democracia a Espaa, las cooperativas de trabajo asociado toman el relevo y, en las tres pocas de crisis sufridas desde entonces, han mostrado una fortaleza importante.En el periodo ms reciente, el sector cooperativo espaol debe centrarse en acrecentar su peso dentro de la economa espaola, si bien, este se ha visto incrementado tanto en el caso del empleo generado como en el de su contribucin al PIB espaol

Historical evolution

Evolution of the size of cooperatives (by number of members) (1994-2010)

Practical analysis103 cooperatives125 production subsidiaries8 foundations1 mutual 10 coverage entities

OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE IICOOPERATIVISM IN SPAIN & RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION

OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE IIPART IIRESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION

Responsible ConsumptionApproach to global consumptionJose Mjica speechResponsible consumption. ConceptSocial & environmental criteria

Approach to global consumption

"the major causes of the continued deterioration of the global environment is the unsustainable pattern of consumption and production, particularly in industrialized countries"

Consumption growth (billion US $ 1970-1995)

Participation in consumption

Additional annual cost (million US $)

Additional annual cost (million US $)

Responsible Consumptionchoosing products based on their environmental and social impactconsume only what is necessaryadvertising superfluous needs

Responsible Consumptionability to purchase pressure instrumentlittle changes in our consumption habitswonder if you really need it

Responsible ConsumptionETHICScompliance with international conventions decent working conditionsFair Traid Standards

Responsible Consumption - Ethicscompliance with international conventions decent working conditionsFair Traid Standards

Responsible Consumption -Social & Environmentalgoods & services market social economy companiesecological footprint