NÁRODNÍ SROVNÁVACÍ ZKOUŠKY AJ€¦ · the answer sheet. Listening 1 ... Romanian landscapes...

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Pokyny ke zkoušce: n Test obsahuje 60 úloh. Je rozdělen do 3 oddílů, na řešení prvního máte 20 minut (délka nahrávky), na každý další 20 minut. Pracujte vždy jen na příslušném oddílu, časy nejsou převoditelné. U každé úlohy s výběrem možností je jen jedna správná odpověď. Za každou správnou odpověď získáte bod, za špatnou odpověď (s výjimkou posledních 8 úloh) část bodu ztrácíte. Nejlepší je řešit nejdříve snadné úlohy a k náročnějším se vrátit. Nebuďte nervózní z toho, že nevyřešíte všechno, to se povede málokomu. NÁRODNÍ SROVNÁVACÍ ZKOUŠKY AJ T BŘEZNA/MARCA 2018 D : 29. března 2018 P : 1.492 P : 60 P : 10,4 % S . M. : 60 M. : 60 M. : -17,3 M. : -4,7 P : 33,2

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Transcript of NÁRODNÍ SROVNÁVACÍ ZKOUŠKY AJ€¦ · the answer sheet. Listening 1 ... Romanian landscapes...

  • Pokyny ke zkoušce:

    n Test obsahuje 60 úloh. Je rozdělen do 3 oddílů, na řešení prvního máte 20 minut (délkanahrávky), na každý další 20 minut. Pracujte vždy jen na příslušném oddílu, časy nejsou převoditelné. U každé úlohy s výběrem možností je jen jedna správná odpověď. Za každou správnou odpověď získáte bod, za špatnou odpověď(s výjimkou posledních 8 úloh) část bodu ztrácíte. Nejlepší je řešit nejdříve snadné úlohy a k náročnějším se vrátit. Nebuďte nervózní z toho, že nevyřešíte všechno, to se povedemálokomu.

    NÁRODNÍ SROVNÁVACÍ ZKOUŠKY

    AJ

    T��� � BŘEZNA/MARCA 2018

    D���� ������ �������: 29. března 2018 P���� �������� �����: 1.492P���� ����: 60P������� �����������: 10,4 %S������ �������� ���� ��������.

    M��. ����� �����: 60 M��. �������� �����: 60 M��. ����� �����: -17,3 M��. �������� �����: -4,7 P������� �����: 33,2

  • 111 LISTENING 111

    © Scio 2018 2

    SECTION 1 (20 minutes) – LISTENING

    The listening section is divided into two parts. You will have 2 minutes at the end of the listening section to copy your answers to

    the answer sheet.

    Listening 1

    You will hear a text which is followed by several tasks. You will be given time to look through the relevant tasks before you

    listen. You will hear the recording twice. Solve the tasks based solely on the information in the recording.

    QUESTIONS 1–6

    Listen to the interview with Adora Svitak, a successful teenage writer, public speaker and activist.

    (http://amysmartgirls.com/visionaries-of-the-future-adora-svitak/)

    1.

    When Adora was 7 years old, she ______.

    (A) was given a laptop

    (B) had a book released

    (C) started writing a book called Dancing Fingers

    (D) founded a book publishing agency

    2.

    Adora’s second book, Dancing Fingers, ______.

    (A) focused on her relationship with her older sister

    (B) was partly written by a relative of hers

    (C) was published 2 years after her first book

    (D) was inspired by what had happened to her sister

    3.

    Adora says her parents ______.

    (A) perceived her as immature

    (B) didn’t tolerate any indiscipline at home

    (C) had her at a very young age

    (D) had faith in her abilities

    4.

    Alex Scott ______.

    (A) won thousands of dollars in a competition

    (B) found a cure for cancer

    (C) offered free lemonade to cancer patients

    (D) helped fund medical research

    5.

    Adora says that when she was 7 years old, her intention to

    teach children how to write ______.

    (A) impressed many people

    (B) was met with doubt

    (C) was not really serious

    (D) enraged some teachers

    6.

    In 5 years’ time, Adora would like to ______.

    (A) be attending college

    (B) have her own company

    (C) be an inspiration for her colleagues

    (D) be a college graduate

  • 111 LISTENING 111

    © Scio 2018 3

    Listening 2

    You will hear a series of short unrelated extracts. There is one task for each extract. You will be given time to read the relevant

    task before you listen. You will hear each extract twice. Solve the tasks based solely on the information in the recording.

    7.

    You hear a piece of news about a statue of a bear installed in

    Beijing, China.

    The statue had to be taken down because ______.

    (A) it resembled a bear from a cartoon

    (B) passers-by complained its paws were too big

    (C) it was perceived as offensive

    (D) it looked like a monkey

    8.

    You hear someone talking about what happened to a seagull in

    Wales.

    The bird ______.

    (A) was mistaken for a chicken

    (B) got sick after eating too much curry

    (C) ended up on a plate

    (D) had its feathers dyed orange

    9.

    You hear someone talking about a theory proposed by Stephen

    Hawking.

    Professor Hawking has recently said that black holes ______.

    (A) might have a passage to another universe

    (B) make travelling to the past possible

    (C) will soon be used as a source of energy

    (D) are constantly expanding

    10.

    You hear someone talking about a new art gallery.

    The pieces in the gallery mostly depict ______.

    (A) Romanian landscapes

    (B) graveyard stories

    (C) digitally remastered ancient paintings

    (D) cases of bribery

    11.

    You hear a piece of news about a Sydney cyclist Michael

    Gratton and his problems.

    What does the cyclist say?

    (A) The fine which he received is absurd as it is too low.

    (B) Wearing a helmet when cycling is ridiculous.

    (C) He is officially protesting against all the offences he was

    charged with.

    (D) Ringing a bell to warn pedestrians may sometimes

    prove counterproductive.

    12.

    You hear someone talking about a new scheme introduced in a

    Chinese university.

    Local students can get a discount in its canteen if ______.

    (A) they are short of cash

    (B) they use a particular social media website

    (C) they display good manners

    (D) they are related to a member of the staff

    END OF SECTION 1

    Počkejte na pokyny administrátora. / Počkajte na pokyny administrátora.

  • 222 READING 222

    © Scio 2018 4

    SECTION 2 (20 minutes) – READING

    Read the following text and solve the tasks based solely on the information in it.

    QUESTIONS 13–20

    You are going to read about four inspiring teenagers who, despite their young age, came up with some truly amazing ideas. For each

    of the questions below, choose from the teenagers A–D. Each person may be chosen more than once.

    A – Andrew Pelham

    A Nashville student has invented a simple device that could save lives. After learning that approximately 38 children die each year

    from accidentally being left in hot cars, young Andrew Pelham felt compelled to do something. He entered The Rubber Band

    Contest for Young Inventors, which is held each year in Akron, Ohio. There is only one rule for contestants – they must use rubber

    bands in their invention. With that in mind, Andrew created the E-Z Baby Saver and won second place, taking home US$500.

    Hundreds of parents emailed Andrew messages of support.

    Andrew thought his amazing invention might be a cheap way to help parents remember when they have a child in the back seat. The

    E-Z Baby Saver is a simple device made of duct tape and rubber bands. It attaches to the driver’s seat of the car and the interior door

    handle, so that when parents get out of the car they are reminded to check the back seat.

    B – Kenneth Shinozuka

    A New York teenager, whose grandfather suffers from Alzheimer’s disease, won a $50,000 science prize for developing wearable

    sensors that send mobile alerts when a dementia patient begins to wander away from bed. Kenneth Shinozuka, 15, who took home

    the Science in Action Award, said his invention was inspired by his grandfather’s symptoms, which frequently caused him to wander

    from bed in the middle of the night and hurt himself. His invention uses coin-sized wireless sensors that are worn on the feet of a

    potential wanderer. The sensors detect pressure caused when the person stands up, triggering an audible alert on a caregiver’s

    smartphone using an app.

    C – Boyan Slat

    A Dutch teenager has invented a device that he claims could clean up some 20 billion tons of plastic waste from the world’s oceans.

    Boyan Slat, 19, came up with the idea of a series of floating booms and processing platforms designed to capture floating plastic

    rubbish. While the young inventor believes humans must end their reliance on disposable plastic items, he says his innovation could

    make a big difference to the cleanliness of oceans in the shorter term. At first, there was little interest, because it would only clean

    5% of the plastics in our oceans, but since his talk at a world-famous conference, Boyan has attracted $2M of funding. He has also

    established a foundation to help him further develop the technology.

    D – Jack Andraka

    When news broke in 2011 that a test had been developed which might help doctors diagnose pancreatic cancer at an early stage, the

    research world not only took notice, it went into shock – for the test hadn’t been developed by some renowned cancer research

    institute, but by a boy wonder, a 15-year-old high school freshman named Jack Andraka. Jack convinced an eminent cancer

    researcher to let him use his lab to develop his theory, all before he even had a license to drive. However, the test must undergo

    years of clinical trials before being marketed.

    Jack beat 1,500 other competitors and won the grand prize at the Intel International Science Fair with his invention. However, some

    scientists have expressed their doubts regarding its innovativeness, as several years before, a group of researchers at Jefferson

    Medical College had used a methodology nearly identical to the purportedly pioneering methodology developed by Andraka.

    (http://www.oddee.com/item_99064.aspx)

  • 222 READING 222

    © Scio 2018 5

    13.

    Which teenager was inspired by the

    struggles of a relative when designing

    his invention?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    14.

    Which teenager founded an institution

    to help him improve his invention?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    15.

    Which teenager finished as runner-up

    in a competition?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    16.

    Which teenager has had his invention’s

    novelty questioned?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    17.

    Which teenager was allowed to use a

    specialized facility when first designing

    his invention?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    18.

    Which teenager designed an invention

    whose functionality includes sound

    notification?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    19.

    Which teenager received encouraging

    messages from prospective users of his

    invention?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

    20.

    Which teenager came up with an

    invention whose purpose is to collect

    waste?

    (A) Andrew Pelham

    (B) Kenneth Shinozuka

    (C) Boyan Slat

    (D) Jack Andraka

  • 222 READING 222

    © Scio 2018 6

    Read the following text and solve the tasks based solely on the information in it.

    QUESTIONS 21–28

    Sleep-deprived people may be more prone to false confessions

    While the amount of sleep a person truly needs remains up for debate, the effects of not getting enough, both on the mind and the

    body, are clear to see. Sleep deprivation has been linked to a variety of conditions, including obesity, diabetes and depression. On

    top of that, a startling new study has shown that people who have been deprived of sleep are much more likely to sign a false

    confession than those who have had an undisturbed night of rest.

    The study has obvious and perhaps worrying implications for police interrogation of crime suspects. In addition, it helps paint a

    more comprehensive picture of sleep deprivation’s effects on brain function. “A number of studies have consistently found that there

    are dramatic changes in the brain with sleep deprivation,” lead researcher Kimberly Fenn told IFLScience. “One of the strongest

    effects is a reduction in the activity of the frontal lobes, which are important for decision making.” (A)

    False confessions – an innocent person admitting guilt – are a serious and complex subject. With interrogations often occurring

    during sleep hours, studies examining the effects this could be having on suspects are justified. (B) For this particular study, Fenn

    and her colleagues recruited 88 volunteers and had them complete computer-based tasks during three laboratory sessions, spread

    over a week. Participants were monitored and repeatedly told not to press the escape button on the keyboard as that would cause

    them to lose all of their data. On the last night, half the participants slept for eight hours in lab bedrooms while the others were kept

    awake. (C) “In the real world it’s rare that people stay awake for a full night. However, it’s common for people to get insufficient

    sleep over multiple nights. The important thing is that pretty much every physiological and cognitive effect seen after one night of

    sleep deprivation is also seen after a couple of nights of sleep restriction.” Before participants were allowed to leave at the end of the

    study, they were given a form that summarized their activities and falsely accused them of hitting the escape key, which they were

    asked to confirm for accuracy and sign. Surprisingly, while only 18 percent of the well-rested participants signed the false allegation,

    it was signed by half of those who had been deprived of sleep the night before. (D) When asked a second time, the figures bumped

    up to 39 and 68 percent, respectively.

    Whether or not this study will have an impact on the criminal justice system remains to be seen. Nevertheless, in light of the

    findings, the authors recommend that assessments of sleepiness should be made before interrogations.

    (http://www.iflscience.com/brain/sleep-deprived-people-may-be-more-prone-false-confessions)

    21.

    According to the study, innocent people who are sleep

    deprived are more likely to ______ compared to those who are

    well-rested.

    (A) admit to being guilty

    (B) deny false allegations

    (C) commit a crime

    (D) make a false accusation

    22.

    The word “startling” in the first paragraph of the text is closest

    in meaning to ______.

    (A) thorough

    (B) surprising

    (C) promising

    (D) complicated

    23.

    Which two of the following consequences of sleep deprivation

    are mentioned in the text?

    I. Sleep deprivation lessens the risk of serious health

    problems, such as high blood pressure or stroke.

    II. Sleep deprivation affects the area in the brain which plays

    a vital role in decision making.

    III. Sleep deprivation affects the probability of a person being

    accused of a crime.

    IV. Sleep deprivation makes people more prone to confess to

    acts which they have not in fact committed.

    (A) I and IV

    (B) II and III

    (C) II and IV

    (D) III and IV

    24.

    The word “occurring” in the third paragraph of the text is

    closest in meaning to ______.

    (A) questioning

    (B) investigating

    (C) taking place

    (D) getting up

  • 222 READING 222

    © Scio 2018 7

    25.

    At the end of the study, all the participants were asked to

    ______.

    (A) hit the escape button

    (B) write down a thorough summary of their activities during

    the study

    (C) sleep for 8 hours in a lab bedroom

    (D) affirm they hadn’t followed one of the researchers’

    instructions

    26.

    When asked a second time, ______ of the participants who

    were sleep deprived confirmed they had pressed the escape key

    in the course of the study.

    (A) 18 percent

    (B) 32 percent

    (C) 39 percent

    (D) 68 percent

    27.

    The authors of the study suggest that ______.

    (A) interrogations should be preceded by an evaluation of

    sleepiness

    (B) crime suspects should never be interrogated at night

    (C) most people sent to prison are in fact innocent

    (D) crime suspects should always take a nap before being

    interrogated

    28.

    Look at the four letters (A) to (D) in the text above. These

    indicate where the following sentence could be added to the

    text.

    Although that may not reflect most situations during

    interrogation, Fenn justified this approach.

    Where would the sentence best fit?

    (A)

    (B)

    (C)

    (D)

    END OF SECTION 2

    Počkejte na pokyny administrátora. / Počkajte na pokyny administrátora.

  • 333 USE of ENGLISH 333

    © Scio 2018 8

    SECTION 3 (20 minutes) – USE OF ENGLISH

    Multiple choice cloze

    Fill in the numbered gaps in the following short texts with the most suitable word or phrase from the options offered.

    QUESTIONS 29–35

    Want to eat well? Forget about willpower

    Two decades ago, Brian Wansink accidentally made a discovery that would change the course of his career. He and his graduate

    students were running a study on sustainable food packaging. In the middle of giving free bags of snacks to Philadelphia

    moviegoers, they ran __(29)__ big bags and __(30)__ to teeny ones and found that people with four tiny 110-calorie bags ate half as

    much as those with one big 440-calorie bag. Since then, Wansink has run 1,200 studies on eating behaviours and __(31)__ that we

    are utterly __(32)__ the mercy of our environment.

    Wansink has found that we __(33)__ many more decisions about food than we’re aware of — typically more than 200 per day. All

    of these decisions are subject to environmental cues. “Most people think they’re master and commander of their own diet and do not

    believe the environment holds such power over our eating habits,” Wansink says. But contrary to popular belief, he’s found that

    healthy eating has very little __(34)__ with willpower. In one study, Wansink and his colleagues set up a table in which two out of

    four bowls of soup had been modified to be continuously refilled from a soup pot at the end of the table. Participants __(35)__ the

    self-refilling bowls ate 73 percent more, but didn’t feel any more sated.

    (http://ideas.ted.com/want-to-eat-well-forget-about-willpower/)

    29.

    (A) into

    (B) off

    (C) across

    (D) out of

    30.

    (A) had to switch

    (B) must switch

    (C) have switched

    (D) have to switch

    31.

    (A) conspired

    (B) concluded

    (C) convinced

    (D) convicted

    32.

    (A) with

    (B) at

    (C) to

    (D) without

    33.

    (A) are

    (B) do

    (C) think

    (D) make

    34.

    (A) to do

    (B) to keep

    (C) to seek

    (D) to be

    35.

    (A) gave

    (B) giving

    (C) were given

    (D) given

  • 333 USE of ENGLISH 333

    © Scio 2018 9

    QUESTIONS 36–42

    Finland Library Installs Karaoke Booth

    A library in southern Finland wants people to sing their hearts __(36)__ during their next visit – in a soundproofed karaoke booth.

    Officials in the city of Vantaa, near Helsinki, installed the karaoke zone at Tikkurila library earlier this year as part of a major

    campaign to provide new services at libraries.

    The idea is that people who don’t __(37)__ performing to a packed bar after a beer or two can instead enjoy a sing-along in relative

    privacy, regardless of their __(38)__ to hold a tune. “Anyone at all can sing karaoke,” says the library manager Villa Karinen.

    “Everyone can perform with the voice they have and there’s no need to fear criticism here.”

    Locals can reserve up to two hours in the booth __(39)__ their library cards, and once inside the booth they will be able to choose

    from more than 3,000 songs, all listed on the library’s website. There’s the option to enjoy foreign songs __ (40)__ from Black

    Sabbath to Whitney Houston, __(41)__ as hundreds of Finnish tunes.

    The idea has proved popular with all ages, including residents of a nearby elderly care home, and those who want to __(42)__ stage

    fright. The library even ran an adult education course using the booth – called Be Brave, Sing Karaoke – which offered advice on

    using a microphone and dealing with nerves.

    (http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-37034264)

    36.

    (A) in

    (B) off

    (C) by

    (D) out

    37.

    (A) want

    (B) present

    (C) give

    (D) fancy

    38.

    (A) probability

    (B) agility

    (C) possibility

    (D) ability

    39.

    (A) when used

    (B) who used

    (C) using

    (D) used

    40.

    (A) including

    (B) ranging

    (C) listing

    (D) counting

    41.

    (A) moreover

    (B) also

    (C) as many

    (D) as well

    42.

    (A) overtake

    (B) overdo

    (C) overcome

    (D) overwhelm

  • 333 USE of ENGLISH 333

    © Scio 2018 10

    Grammar and Vocabulary

    Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the most suitable word or phrase from the options offered.

    43.

    I have been told that the painting I

    found in my grandmother’s attic is

    worthless, even though to me it looks

    like a wonderful piece of art.

    In the context of the sentence above,

    the word “worthless” is closest in

    meaning to ______.

    (A) fake

    (B) without any value

    (C) valuable

    (D) underrated

    44.

    The landlord sold the house, but kept

    the furniture.

    In the context of the sentence above,

    the word “kept” is closest in meaning to

    ______.

    (A) discarded

    (B) retained

    (C) purchased

    (D) acquired

    45.

    James’ physical fitness was insufficient

    for the tough running race and the other

    racers were soon well ahead of him.

    In the context of the sentence above,

    the word “insufficient” is closest in

    meaning to ______.

    (A) lacking

    (B) adequate

    (C) insecure

    (D) unprepared

    46.

    When it was revealed that he was a

    traitor, it came as a shock to everyone –

    he had always appeared to be such a

    trustworthy person!

    In the context of the sentence above,

    the word “revealed” is closest in

    meaning to ______.

    (A) suspected

    (B) hidden

    (C) disclosed

    (D) concealed

    47.

    He ______ promoted! He is the laziest

    person I know!

    (A) mustn’t have

    (B) mustn’t have been

    (C) can’t have been

    (D) can’t been

    48.

    Last year I finished my very first book

    about dragons and this year I would

    like to write ______ one.

    (A) other

    (B) new

    (C) another

    (D) different

    49.

    I slept very little last night – the terrible

    storm ______ me awake.

    (A) made

    (B) kept

    (C) brought

    (D) forced

    50.

    My father doesn’t know that I ______

    borrow the car when he was away.

    (A) must have

    (B) used to

    (C) would have

    (D) will

    51.

    They have two grandparents, both of

    ______ live with them.

    (A) they

    (B) whose

    (C) which

    (D) whom

    52.

    I could tell by the look on his face and

    the smell in the room that he ______

    smoking, although he denied it.

    (A) was

    (B) had been

    (C) have been

    (D) is

  • 333 USE of ENGLISH 333

    © Scio 2018 11

    Word formation

    Use the word in brackets at the end of each sentence to form a new word that fits the gap. Please write neatly in capital letters.

    Illegible answers will be considered to be incorrect.

    Example: The Mona Lisa is one of the most ______ paintings in the world. (FAME)

    53.

    The student’s argument was based on an incorrect assumption

    about the prime minister’s intentions. (ASSUME)

    54.

    After long and difficult negotiations, the two companies

    reached an agreement that suited them both. (AGREE)

    55.

    Our company is trying to

    maximize/maximise/maximalize/maximalise its productivity.

    (MAXIMUM)

    56.

    She is extremely punctual – it is most unlikely that she will be

    late. (LIKE)

    57.

    The Roman emperor Nero ordered the burning of Rome in

    order to build it anew. (EMPIRE)

    58.

    When the UK voted to leave the EU, the pound immediately

    weakened against the dollar. (WEAK)

    59.

    We are still not completely sure what caused the mass

    extinction/extinctions of the dinosaurs. (EXTINCT)

    60.

    The concert was very disappointing to many fans – the lead

    singer was off tune a number of times! (DISAPPOINT)

    END OF SECTION 3 (END OF THE TEST)

    Počkejte na pokyny administrátora. / Počkajte na pokyny administrátora.

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