Hrm in India

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HRM IN INDIA

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    HRM IN INDIA

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    EVOLUTION The worlds first management book, titled Arlhashastra,

    written three millennium before Christ, codified many

    aspects of human resource practices in Ancient India.

    John Patterson, the president of the company, formed a

    personnel department to manage the griefs of workers after

    a bitter union strike in 1901.

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    HRM emerged during the 1970s

    It is earlier referred to or considered to be emerged

    from personnel management .

    It may be stated that concern for the welfare of the

    workers in the management of business enterprises

    has been in existence since ages.

    Kautilyas Arthashashtra states that there existed a

    sound base for systematic management of

    resources during the early 4th century B.C

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    As early as in 1800 BC itself, minimum wage rate and

    incentive wage plan were included in the Babylonian code

    of Hammurabi. Experts account the growth of HRM since 1920.

    This period related to post I world war had difficult

    conditions that called for state interventions and trade

    unions.

    The Royal Commission (1931) recommended to

    appointment of labour-welfare officers to deal with the

    selection of workers and to settle their grievances.

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    The Factories Act, 1948, made appointment of welfare

    officers compulsory in industrial establishments ( workers

    500 & 500+). In course of time: Two Professional Bodies set up.

    IIPM ( Kolkata ) & NILM (Mumbai), premier Traditional

    Industrial Centers.

    Post II- World War & Indian independence- witnessedincreased Awareness & Expectations of workers

    During 1960s Personnel Function began expanding

    beyond Labor welfare

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    Labor welfare, IR& Per-Administration merged into

    emerging profession - Per. Management (PM)

    Shift in focus towards Professionalisation of MGT.-

    Massive thrust to heavy industry (II-Five Year Plan) &

    accelerated growth of public sector in Indian economy

    1970s-Shift in Professional Values - Focus from welfare to

    focus on Efficiency

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    1980s-New Technologies, HRM challenges,

    HRD- Talk of Professionals

    1980s-IIPM and NILM merged, birth of NationalInstitute of Personnel Management (NIPM)

    1990- ASPA (USA) change to Society for

    Human Resource Management(SHRM).

    1990s-Emphasis Shift to Human values &

    productivity through people

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    HRM IN INDIAPeriod DevelopmentStatus

    Outlook Emphasis Status

    1920s-1930s Beginning Pragmatism of

    capitalists

    Statutory,

    welfare,

    paternalism

    Clerical

    1940s-1960s Struggling for

    recognition

    Technical,

    legalistic

    Introduction of

    techniques

    Administrative

    1970s-1980s Achieving

    sophistication

    Professional,

    legalistic,impersonal

    Regulatory,

    confirming,imposition of

    standards on

    other functions

    Managerial

    1990s Promising Psychological Human values,

    productivity

    through people

    Executive

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