Dilemma's rond een EU-referendum

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EU-UKRAINE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT REFERENDUM: THREE DILEMMASwww.chrisaalberts.nl

Three dilemmas

Public knowledge on the EU

2. Neutral EU-reporting

3. Financial incentives

www.chrisaalberts.nl

DILEMMA 1:

PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE ON THE EUwww.chrisaalberts.nl

If the European Parliament becomes more powerful, this will make the national parliament less powerful.

Do you think that the European parliament should become more powerful?

www.chrisaalberts.nlWillem Saris: Public opinion on the EU can easily be swayed in different directions. Acta Politica 1997.

Do not know24.5%Yes, more power33.3%No, not more power42.2%

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Many problems are international. For example, 50% of the acid rainin the Netherlands comes from abroad. These problems can only be solved by international policies.

If the European Parliament becomes more powerful, this will make the national parliament less powerful.

Do you think that the European parliament should become more powerful?

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Do not know23.8%Yes, more power53.5%No, not more power22.7%

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Do not know23.8% (24.5%)Yes, more power53.5% (33.3%)No, not more power22.7% (42.2%)

www.chrisaalberts.nl

A few years ago: knowledge about the EU

www.chrisaalberts.nlFrom the Eurobarometer studies.

DILEMMA 2:

NEUTRAL EU-REPORTINGwww.chrisaalberts.nl

Is 9/11 the work of Al Qaida?Does HIV lead to AIDS? Does forced abortion existIn Holland?

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Citizens talk withthe like-minded

Citizens are not prepared to talk to people with a different opinion

Citizens are able to select their own information diet

Citizens start living in echo chambers where they hear the same information over and over again

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Liesbet van Zoonen:Changing truth claimsin popular and political culture. European Journalof Communication 2012. Epistemology:Experts and science as sources of true knowledgeI-pistemology:Personal experience as source of true knowledge

www.chrisaalberts.nl

www.chrisaalberts.nl

www.chrisaalberts.nl

DILEMMA 3:

FINANCIAL INCENTIVESwww.chrisaalberts.nl

The Dutch government spends 2.000.000 euros on campaigns of citizens and organisations DOES IT HELP?

www.chrisaalberts.nl

www.chrisaalberts.nl

www.chrisaalberts.nl

www.chrisaalberts.nl

Figuur1968888757359332610

Figuur269337147664759407144

Satisfied with national democracySatisfied with European democracy

Figuur37574656351393933

Figuur47262483836352464

Figuur54671656856697852

Heard or read somethingFeels uninformed

Figuur657.850.547.235.729.939.32009

Data1Figuur 2.1European Parliament96European Central Bank88Europese Commissie88European Court of Justice75European Council73European Court of Auditors59European Ombudsman33Economic and Social committee26Committee of the Regions10

Data2Figuur 2.7200020012002200320042005Satisfied with national democracy6971665971Satisfied with European democracy3347474044

Data3Figuur 2.9Loss of jobs75More problems for farmers74Holland will pay more65Less influence of small countries63Increase of (drugs related) crime51Loss of national identity39Less use of the Dutch language39Economic crisis33

Data4Figuur 2.11Television72Newspapers62Internet48Radio38Personal conversations36Magazines35Books24Does not search for information6Public meetings4

Data5Figuur 2.12JanuaryMarchAprilMayHeard or read something46655678Feels uninformed71686952

Data6Figuur 2.13197957.8198450.5198947.2199435.7199929.9200439.32009