Datanet Thesis

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    Information and Communications Technology Academy

    Digital Arts Department

    LAN Design

    Proponents:

    Ferrer, Elaine Veronica A.

    Dominguiano, Lemuel S.

    Dominguiano, Lorenz S.

    Ko, Halim Syril Y.

    Sy, Hazelyn E.

    Reagan B. Ricafort, CoF, MSCS

    Instructor

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    Table of Content

    Acknowledgement1.0 Network Description2.0 Principles Applied

    3.0 Legend

    4.0 Riser Diagram5.0 Floor Plan

    5.1 Ground Floor5.1 Second Floor5.1 Third Floor5.1 Fourth Floor5.1 Fifth Floor5.1 Sixth Floor5.1 Seventh Floor5.1 Eight Floor5.1 Ninth Floor5.1 Tenth Floor

    6.0 Subnetting7.0 Technical Brochures8.0 Cost9.0 Recommendation/Conclusion

    Data Networking i

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    Acknowledgement

    There are a great number of people that go into publishing a work like this, and we would like totake this space to thank everyone who was involved with this project.

    Thanks to our professor in Data Networking, Sir Reagan B. Ricafort, whose encouragement,guidance and support from the initial to the final level enabled us to develop an understanding ofthe subject.

    Thanks to our family, for their patience and understanding during this project and all ourprojects.

    Most importantly, we would like to thank God, for giving us the skills, talents, and opportunity towork in such a challenging and exciting project.

    Data Networking ii

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    NETWO

    RK DESCRIPT

    IO

    N

    Data Networking Page 1

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    1.0 Network Description

    NetCom is a call center office in Makati. It offers higher results, through highly skilled

    people, superior operational excellence, differentiated environment and customer feedback

    insights. It is the most famous and the most populated office because of its performance

    categories workers including vertical expertise, reliability, innovation, trust, flexibility andcustomization.

    When this company was just starting, Mr. Ricafort, the owner of NetCom, wants to have

    500 computers in his 10 storey office building. He give us the authority to decide the best

    design.

    The proponents planned to choose Cisco as the routerand switch, Zyxelas the

    DSL modem, (tapos isip ng kung anong brand ng cp natin na gagamitin, at size ng

    cables)

    Cisco IOS Software is the industry-leading and is the most widely deployed network

    system software. The Cisco IOS Software platform is implemented on most Cisco hardware

    platforms, including switches, routers, and similar Cisco IOSbased network devices. It is

    the embedded software architecture in all Cisco devices and is also the operating system of

    Cisco Catalyst switches.

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    PRINCIPLES APPLIED

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    2.0 Principles Applied

    2.1 Data Networking

    Data communications and networking may be the fastest growing technologies in

    our culture today. One of the ramifications of that growth is a dramatic increase in the

    number of professions where an understanding of these technologies is essential forsuccess and a proportionate increase in the number and types of students, like the

    proponents, taking courses to learn about them.

    2.1.1 Types of Data Networking

    2.1.1.1 LAN

    LAN is a short term for local area network. It is a common

    type of network found in home offices, small businesses, and large

    enterprises. LANs can vary widely in their size. It might consist of only

    two computers in a home office or small business, or it might include

    hundreds of computers in a large corporate office or multiple buildings.

    2.1.1.2WAN

    WAN is a short term for wide area network. It is a data

    communications network that operates beyond the geographical scope

    of a LAN. WANs use facilities provided by a service provider, or carrier,

    such as a telephone or cable company. They connect the locations of an

    organization to each other, to locations of other organizations, to external

    services, and to remote users. WANs generally carry a variety of traffic

    types, such as voice, data, and video.

    2.1.1.3 MANMAN is a short term for metropolitan area network. It is a

    LAN to LAN network. (e.g. whole city)

    2.2 Transmission Modes

    There are four ways in transmitting a data from one point to another.

    2.2.1 Simplex

    In simplex mode the communication can take place in one

    direction. The receiver receives the signal from the transmitting device. It

    is a one-way transmission.

    2.2.2 Half Duplex

    In half-duplex mode the communication channel is used in both

    directions, but only in one direction at a time. (e.g. walky talky)

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    2.2.3 Full Duplex

    In full duplex the communication channel is used in both directions

    at the same time. (e.g. telephone)

    2.2.4 Full Full Duplex

    In Full Full Duplex the communication channel is used by theinternet. (e.g. laptop, personal computers)

    2.3 The OSI Reference Model

    The OSI reference model is the primary model for network communications. The

    early development of LANs, MANs, and WANs was chaotic in many ways. Companies

    realized that they could save money and gain productivity by using networking technology,

    they added networks and expanded existing networks as rapidly as new network

    technologies and products were introduced.

    The OSI reference model, released in 1984, was the descriptive scheme that the ISOcreated. It provided vendors with a set of standards that ensured greater compatibility and

    interoperability between the various types of network technologies produced by companies

    around the world. Although other models exist, most network vendors today relate their

    products to the OSI reference model, especially when they want to educate customers on the

    use of their products. The OSI model is considered the best tool available for teaching people

    about sending and receiving data on a network.

    The OSI reference model has seven layers. This separation of networking functions is

    called layering. The OSI reference model defines the network functions that occur at each

    layer. In addition, the OSI reference model describes how data travels from application

    programs (for example, spreadsheets), through a network medium, to an application program

    located in another computer, even if the sender and receiver are connected using different

    network media.

    1. Application

    2. PresentationSoftware

    3. Session

    4. Transport

    5. Network6. Data Link

    Hardware7. Physical

    Figure1.1 The OSI Reference Model

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    2.2.1 Application Layer

    The application layer is the OSI layer that is closest to the user. This

    layer provides networkservices to the users applications. The application layer

    establishes the availability of intended communication partners andsynchronizes

    and establishes agreement on procedures for error recovery and control ofdata

    integrity. (e.g. facebook, friendster, twitter)

    2.2.2 Presentation Layer

    The presentation layer ensures the information that the application layer

    of one systemsends out is readable by the application layer of another system.

    2.2.3 Session Layer

    The session layer establishes, manages, and terminates sessions

    between two communicating hosts. It provides its services to the presentation

    layer. The session layer also synchronizes dialogue between the presentation

    layers of the two hosts and managestheir data exchange.

    2.2.4 Transport Layer

    The transport layer segments data from the sending hosts system and

    reassembles the datainto a data stream on the receiving hosts system.

    2.2.5 Network Layer

    The network layer provides connectivity and path selection between two

    host systems that might be located on geographically separated networks. In

    here, frames became data pockets.

    2.2.6 Data Link Layer

    The data link layer defines how data is formatted for transmission and

    how access to the network is controlled. This layer is responsible for defining

    how devices on a common media communicate with one another, including

    addressing and control signaling betweendevices.

    2.2.7 Physical Layer

    The physical layer defines the electrical, mechanical, procedural, and

    functionalspecifications for activating, maintaining, and deactivating the physical

    link between endsystems. (e.g. your bio data with your name, address, age, and

    other informations about yourself)

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    LEGEND

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    3.0 Legend

    These are the icons used in this project:

    Workgroup Switch 100BaseT Hub Personal Computer Camera Camera P/T/Z

    Spiral Staircase Scissor Staircase Elevator Door Double Door

    Window Stool Desk chair Chair Sofa Multi-chair boat shape

    Marker Board

    Projector Round waste can Wall Plant Bed

    Cubicle Sink Triple Closet Double Closet Refrigerator Vending Machine

    Cooker Water Cooler Food Cooler Coffee Maker

    C C

    Up

    Up

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    RISER DIAGRAM

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    4.0 Riser Diagram

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    FLOOR PLAN

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    Ground FloorReception Area, Admin, and Security

    U

    p

    16'-101/4"

    16'-10

    5/16"

    5'-95/16"

    5'-95/16"

    C C

    Fire exit Admin Security Reception Area Comfort Room

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    2nd FloorHR Department of NetCom Company.

    U

    p

    C

    HR Department (for interviews) Exam Room Conference Room

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    3rd FloorClinic, Lounge Area, and Canteen

    U

    23'514

    23'514

    Clinic Lounge Area Canteen

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    4th FloorThe Employees Training Center

    U

    139'-10"

    U

    24'-11 1

    16" 25'-9

    16"5'-7 9

    16"5'-79

    16"

    23'-5

    1

    4"

    23'-5

    1

    4"

    C

    C

    C C

    107 .4i nx4 2.0 i n 107 .4inx42.0in

    0

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    5th FloorI.T. Department

    Up

    8'-

    /8"

    9'-

    /8

    "

    Comfort Room The Boss Conference Room

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    6th FloorArts Department

    Up

    9'-6

    3/8"

    8'-5/8"

    Comfort Room The Boss Conference Room

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    7th FloorAccounting Department

    Up

    Comfort Room The Boss Conference Room

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    8th FloorCorporate Planning

    Up

    Comfort Room The Boss Conference Room

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    9th FloorPurchasing and Stores

    54.5inx 42.7in

    U

    U

    142.9 inx76.6in0

    Conference Room The Boss Comfort Room

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    10th Floor

    U

    U

    17'-9

    58"

    118.9inx71.8 in

    0

    121.5 inx65.2in 121.5 inx65.2in

    3'-9 5

    8"

    118.9inx71.8in

    118.9inx71.8 in

    101.4inx64.1in

    Managing Director Director of Finance Director of Health

    Director of Operations Chief of Staff

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    SUBNETT

    ING

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    6.0 Subnetting

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    TECHNICAL BROCHURES

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    7.0 Technical Brochures

    This section includes the specs of the system used and the comparison of their

    competitors.

    7.1 Cisco vs. LinksysWhen it comes to routers and switches, most IT pros associate Cisco with

    professional-grade quality and Linksys with low-end, consumer-grade routers and

    wireless equipment. While there's nothing wrong with this distinctionLinksys (a

    division of Cisco) addresses the consumer market very wellthe comparison may

    be a bit basic.

    7.1.1 Cisco switch

    Specifications:

    y 48 10/100 Mb Ethernet ports and two 10/100/1000 Gb uplinks

    y 16-Gbps switching fabric

    y 10.1-Mpps forwarding rate for 64-byte packet

    Pros:

    y For the most part, the Cisco switch offers the same software

    features as the Linksys switch.

    y The Cisco IOS command line includes many advanced features,

    including Advanced QoS, classic Cisco IOS ACLs, Smartports

    macros, Network Admissions Control, and a time-domain

    reflectometer (TDR) to diagnose and resolve cabling problems on

    copper ports.

    y Incredible grass-roots support, including how-to resources, books,

    forums, and videos

    y Cisco Network Assistant (CNA)

    y CiscoWorks support

    y Optional redundant power supply (RPS) connector

    y Limited lifetime warranty

    7.1.2 Linksys switch

    Specifications:

    y 48 10/100 Mb Ethernet ports and four 10/100/1000 Gb uplinks

    y 2 shared mini-GBIC ports for optical or copper interconnect (not

    on Cisco)

    y 17.6-Gb switching capacity

    Pros:

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    y QoS with 802.1p, diffserv, or ToS

    y Web browser interface

    y SSH remote management with menu-driven text console (not the

    Cisco IOS)

    y VLAN support with 802.1q

    y 802.1x authentication and MAC address filteringy Supports up to 256 VLANs

    y SNMP management

    y Firmware upgradeable through TFTP or Web interface

    y Port mirroring

    y SNTP for time synchronization

    y ACLs are configurable in menu and Web interface

    y Dynamic VLAN registration with GVRP

    y Link aggregation (LACP) (Similar to EtherChannel in the Cisco

    IOS world, this is a different protocol.)

    y Rack mountabley Five-year warranty

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    COST

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    8.0 Cost

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    RECOMMENDATION/CONCLUSION

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    9.0 Recommendation/Conclusion

    Data Networking Page