Appendix- Jasmine Munk's MA Thesis

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    Appendix Table 1: Female 18-35 Cervical Osteophytosis. Vertebrae scored from 0-4, withu used for unobservable. Grade I: Only small scattered hyperostoses are found Grade II:

    Protrusions of bone in a more or less horizontal direction from corpus vertebrae.Grade III: Theosteophytes have a characteristic birds beak shape. Usually the free end of the osteophyte curves

    away from discus. It may curve towards discus, resulting in a more or less intimate contact with

    the osteophytes on the other side of discus. Grade IV: The osteophytes from adjacent vertebraefuse, forming a bone bridge across the intervening discus (Sger 1969: 58). All aspects of thevertebrae are scored: SVB: superior vertebral body, IVB: inferior vertebral body, SRF: superior

    vertebral body, IRF: inferior vertebral body. Ondontids areas scored for C1s as well.

    Burial

    Number Vertebrae SVB IVB SRF SLF IRF

    38

    C1 Ondontid-

    1 U 0 0 0

    31 C1 1 U 1 0 0

    76 C1 1 U 1 1 1

    58 C1 1 U 0 0 0

    51 C1 0 U 0 0 0

    54A C1 0 U 0 0 0

    90 I1 C1 1 U 0 0 u

    127 C1 1 U 0 0 1

    38 C2 0 0 0 0 0

    31 C2 0 1 0 1 0

    76 C2 0 0 1 1 1

    58 C2 0 0 0 0 1

    51 C2 0 0 1 u u

    12 C2 1 0 0 0 u

    90 I1 C2

    38 C3 0 0 0 0 1

    31 C3 1 0 0 1 1

    76 C3 1 1 1 1 1

    58 C3 0 0 0 0 1

    51C3 0 0 u 0 0

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    38 C4 0 0 u 0 u

    31 C4 0 0 1 0 0

    76 C4 1 2 1 1 1

    58 C4 0 0 u 0 u

    51 C4 0 0 0 0 1

    38 C5 0 0 0 u 1

    31 C5 0 0 0 0 0

    76C5

    1 2 0 1 1

    58 C5 0 0 0 u 1

    51 C5 0 0 1 1 1

    127 C5 0 0 0 0 1

    38C6

    u 0 0 0 031 C6 u 0 0 1 0

    76 C6 2 1 1 1 1

    58 C6 u 0 0 0 0

    51 C6 0 0 u 1 u

    127 C6 0 1 0 0 0

    38 C7 0 0 0 0 0

    31 C7 1 1 u 1 1

    76 C7 0 u 0 u u

    58C7

    u u u u u

    54A C7 0 u u 0 0

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    Appendix Table 2: Females 18-35 Cervical Sclerosis: Vertebrae scored from 0-4, with a uused for unobservable. 0=absent, 1=sclerosis, 2=sclerosis with some eburnation visible

    3=eburnation, more extensive than sclerosis and 4=extreme eburnation (Derevenski et al. 2000:341). In practice, a score of 4 was never used. All aspects of the vertebrae are scored: SVB:

    superior vertebral body, IVB: inferior vertebral body, SRF: superior vertebral body, IRF: inferior

    vertebral body. Ondontids are scored for C1s as well.

    Burial

    Number Vertebrae SVB IVB SRF SLF IRF

    38

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    54A

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    90 I1

    C1

    u 1 0 0 u

    127

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    12

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    90 I1

    C2

    38

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

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    4

    76

    C3 1 0 0 0 1

    58

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C4

    31

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C4 0 1 0 0 0

    58

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    127

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C6 0 1 u u 0

    31

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C6 u u u u u

    51

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    127

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

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    5

    38

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C7 u u u u u

    54A

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

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    Appendix Table 3: Females 18-35 Cervical Remodeling: Vertebrae scored from 0-4, with au used for unobservable. Score O was given when the inferior margin of the superior

    articular facet is sharp and distinct, and has no increased surface area extending onto the lamina,or downwards (Rojas- Seplveda et al. 2008). Score 1 was given when the inferior margin of thesuperior articular facet is indistinct and slightly warped without a sharp margin. The facet has an

    increased surface area extending downwards onto the proceeding vertebras lamina (Rojas- Seplvedaet al. 2008). For score 2, there is a newly formed small bony shelf on the lamina of the proceeding

    vertebrae, which acts to support the inferior articular process of the upper vertebra (Rojas- Seplveda etal. 2008). Score 3, as in stage 2, is characterized by a significantly larger bony shelf extendingdownwards into the laminal groove and outwards onto the transverse process of the proceeding vertebra.The superior margin of the superior articular process is rounded anteriorally. The inferior articular facet

    of the preceding vertebra has indistinct margins and fits together with the articular facet of the proceeding

    vertebrae as a lock and key, or a puzzle piece. Lastly the facets of proceeding and precedingvertebrae are extremely warped and fused together (Rojas- Seplveda et al. 2008). In addition, I

    used the score of unobservable for individual facets that were damaged, and a score of 4 forcases of extreme remodeling displaying fusion with adjacent vertebrae (Rojas- Seplveda et al.

    2008). All aspects of the vertebrae are scored: SVB: superior vertebral body, IVB: inferior

    vertebral body, SRF: superior vertebral body, IRF: inferior vertebral body. Ondontids are scoredfor C1s as well.

    Burial

    Number Vertebrae SVB IVB SRF SLF IRF

    38

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    54A

    C1 0 0 0 0 0

    90 I1

    C1

    u 1 0 0 u

    127C1 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

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    7

    51

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    12

    C2 0 0 0 0 0

    90 I1

    C2

    38

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C3 1 0 0 0 1

    58

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C3 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C4

    31

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C4 0 1 0 0 0

    58

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C4 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    51

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    127

    C5 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C6 0 1 u u 0

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    31

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C6 u u u u u

    51

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    127

    C6 0 0 0 0 0

    38

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    31

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    76

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

    58

    C7 u u u u u

    54A

    C7 0 0 0 0 0

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    Appendix Table 4: Males 18-35 Cervical Osteophytosis: Vertebrae scored from 0-4, with u

    used for unobservable. Grade I: Only small scattered hyperostoses are found Grade II:

    Protrusions of bone in a more or less horizontal direction from corpus vertebrae.Grade III: The

    osteophytes have a characteristic birds beak shape. Usually the free end of the osteophyte curvesaway from discus. It may curve towards discus, resulting in a more or less intimate contact with

    the osteophytes on the other side of discus .Grade IV: The osteophytes from adjacent vertebrae

    fuse, forming a bone bridge across the intervening discus (Sger 1969: 58). All aspects of the

    vertebrae are scored: SVB: superior vertebral body, IVB: inferior vertebral body, SRF: superior

    vertebral body, IRF: inferior vertebral body. Ondontids ares scored for C1s as well

    Burial Vertebrae SVB IVB SRF SLF IRF ILF

    33 C1 Ondontid- 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C1 1 1 1 1 1

    59 C1 1 0 0 0 0

    47 C1 0 0 0 0 0

    33 C2 0 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C2 1 1 1 1 0 0

    59 C2 0 0 0 0 0 u

    46 C2 0 0 0 0 0 0

    47 C2 0 u 0 u u 0

    33 C3 0 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C3 0 0 1 1 1 1

    59 C3 0 0 0 1 u 0

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    46 C3 0 0 0 0 u u

    47 C3 0 0 0 0 1 1

    33 C4 0 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C4 0 0 1 1 1 1

    59 C4 u u u 1 u u

    47 C4

    33 C5 0 0 0 1 0 0

    96A C5 0 1 0 0 1 1

    59 C5 u u 0 u u u

    47 C5 0 0 0 0 1 1

    33 C6 0 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C6 1 0 0 0 1 1

    59 C6 u u 0 u 0 1

    47 C6 u 0 1 u 1 0

    33 C7 1 0 0 0 0 0

    96-A C7 0 0 1 1 1 1

    59 C7 u u u 0 1 1

    47 C7 0 0 0 0 u u

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    Appendix Table 5: Males 18-35 Cervical Sclerosis: Vertebrae scored from 0-4, with a uused for unobservable. 0=absent, 1=sclerosis, 2=sclerosis with some eburnation visible

    3=eburnation, more extensive than sclerosis and 4=extreme eburnation (Derevenski et al. 2000:341). In practice, a score of 4 was never used. All aspects of the vertebrae are scored: SVB:

    superior vertebral body, IVB: inferior vertebral body, SRF: superior vertebral body, IRF: inferior

    vertebral body. Ondontids are scored for C1s as well.

    Burial Vertebrae SVB IVB SRF SLF IRF ILF

    33 C1 Ondontid- 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C1 1 1 1 1 1

    59 C1 1 0 0 0 0

    47 C1 0 0 0 0 0

    33 C2 0 0 0 0 0 0

    96A C2 1 1 1 1 0 0

    59 C2 0 0 0 0 0 u

    46 C2 0 0 0 0 0 0

    47 C2 0 u 0