2010 meyer urbanism_delta

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Transcript of 2010 meyer urbanism_delta

  • 1. Stedenbouw in de delta - verleden, heden, toekomstHan Meyer 7 september 2010 Amsterdam Rotterdam
  • 2. Stedenbouw in de delta - verleden, heden, toekomst1e uur:Stedebouwkundige typologie in de Hollandse delta- Amsterdam en Rotterdam: overeenkomsten en verschillen2e uur:- ontwerpend onderzoek Rotterdam- ontwerpend onderzoek Purmerstad
  • 3. Stedenbouw in de delta - verleden, heden, toekomst1e uur:Stedebouwkundige typologie in de Hollandse delta- Amsterdam en Rotterdam: overeenkomsten en verschillen
  • 4. Urbanization in the Dutch Delta
  • 5. Urbanization in the Dutch Delta
  • 6. Urbanization in the Dutch Delta
  • 7. A transition-zone between sea and landSoil qualities Ground levels(green = peat, very soft) (blue = below sea level)
  • 8. Man-Made Land Drainage Reclaiming new land 1550Building dikes 1650
  • 9. POLDERS drainage, reclamations
  • 10. Drainage-systems Ca. 1500: the invention of the windmill
  • 11. Bodemdaling
  • 12. Rational Parceling
  • 13. The City as an hydraulic constructionHolland 1560
  • 14. The City as an hydraulic construction City of Nieuwpoort, Dam-square
  • 15. The City as an hydraulic construction
  • 16. The City as an hydraulic construction
  • 17. The City as an hydraulic construction Amsterdam, DamThe hydraulic construction as substance of the architecture of the city
  • 18. The City as an hydraulic constructionGrachtenSingelsDijkenKaden
  • 19. The Art of a Nation Afsluitdijk 1930s Deltaworks 1960s 70s
  • 20. The Art of a Nation
  • 21. The Art of a Nation Shortening the coastline 800 1600 1800 2000
  • 22. The Art of a Nation Canalizing the rivers
  • 23. The Art of a Nationdike-beltswith safety-norms urbanization - pattern
  • 24. AmsterdamRotterdam
  • 25. Dike-ring 1414th century 21st century
  • 26. 19th 20th centuries: Randstad Holland with new accesses North Sea Canal Nieuwe Waterweg
  • 27. Amsterdam 1300
  • 28. Amsterdam 1650
  • 29. Amsterdam 1680
  • 30. Amsterdam 1912
  • 31. Amsterdam 2000
  • 32. Zuidwestelijke delta 1850
  • 33. Zuidwestelijke delta 2000
  • 34. RotterdamRijnmond 1600 - 1800
  • 35. RotterdamRijnmond 2000
  • 36. RotterdamRijnmond 2000 Dam will close in case of expected water-level 3m+ NAP
  • 37. 19th 20th centuries: Randstad Holland1850 2000
  • 38. 4 reasons to develop another approach
  • 39. 1. Subsidence
  • 40. 2. Concern with the environment
  • 41. flood-protection CityWaterfront 3. Urban of Rotterdam developmentAmsterdam Eastern Docklands Rotterdam Kop van Zuid (1990 2012)
  • 42. 4. Climate Change
  • 43. Towards: working with water Report Delta-committee 2008
  • 44. Urban Waterfronts in the Dutch Delta flood-protection City of Rotterdam A Tale of two citiesAmsterdam (looking to the east) Rotterdam (looking to the west)
  • 45. Stedenbouw in de delta - verleden, heden, toekomst2e uur:- ontwerpend onderzoek Rotterdam- ontwerpend onderzoek Purmerstad
  • 46. Urban Waterfronts 1980 - 2020Amsterdam Rotterdam
  • 47. Urban Waterfronts in the Dutch Delta Future regional perspectives
  • 48. Urban Waterfronts in the Dutch Delta Amsterdam, urban beach IJburg Rotterdam, urban beach Boompjes
  • 49. Flood-defense Amsterdam: 4m+ NAP; integrated in the urban fabric
  • 50. AmsterdamIJburg 1995 - ..
  • 51. IJburg windy and calm edges
  • 52. IJburg: strong and hard edges at the North side.
  • 53. . soft edges at the South side
  • 54. Rotterdamflood-protection City of Rotterdam
  • 55. Rotterdam: flood-defenseflood-protection City of Rotterdam
  • 56. Flood-defense Rotterdam: 5m + NAP; autonomous structure
  • 57. Flood-defense City of Rotterdam - typological variation flood-protection Rotterdam: differentiation of sections
  • 58. flood-defense City of Rotterdam barrier to connector flood-protection structure: from Present situationroof-park Rotterdam-West Future situation
  • 59. flood-defense structure: from barrier to connectorroof-park Rotterdam-West
  • 60. Rotterdam: Flood-risks waterfront-sites outside the dikes